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Table 4 Estimates by area of origin and by age at immigration a

From: Earnings differentials between immigrants and natives: the role of occupational attainment

  Wage penalty Return on pre-immigration work experience
  Education Post-migration work experience
Area of origin    
Eastern Europe −0.0419*** −0.0015 Ref
  (0.001) (0.001)  
Africa −0.0413*** −0.0045*** 0.0002
  (0.002) (0.001) (0.001)
Asia −0.0454*** −0.0065*** −0.0012
  (0.002) (0.002) (0.001)
Latin America −0.0377*** −0.0047 −0.0004
  (0.004) (0.003) (0.002)
Age at immigration    
Less or equal to 20 −0.0386*** −0.0017 Ref
  (0.003) (0.001)  
More than 20 −0.0424*** −0.0058*** −0.0011**
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses.
  2. ***p<0.01, **p<0.05.
  3. aspecification as in columns 3 of Table 3.