Skip to main content

Table 2 Descriptive statistics

From: Left-behind children and return migration in China

Mean value or % Return migrants On-going migrants Mean test Full sample
Age (years) 40.20 29.65 *** 34.29
Age at first migration (years) 26.37 22.29 *** 24.08
Female 0.416 0.415 NS 0.415
Married 0.888 0.591 *** 0.722
Education (years) 5.888 7.434 *** 6.754
Household size 4.256 5.006 *** 4.676
Migrant spouse 0.600 0.465 ** 0.525
At least a member above 70 0.176 0.170 NS 0.173
At least a member aged 55 to 70 0.376 0.560 *** 0.479
Children-related variables     
At least one child (<16) 0.472 0.522 NS 0.500
At least one child (12–15) 0.184 0.101 ** 0.137
Son (12–15) 0.120 0.050 ** 0.081
Daughter (12–15) 0.088 0.057 NS 0.070
At least one child (6–11) 0.176 0.264 ** 0.225
Son (6–11) 0.080 0.201 *** 0.148
Daughter (6–11) 0.120 0.113 NS 0.116
At least one child (<6) 0.216 0.321 ** 0.275
Son (<6) 0.120 0.151 NS 0.137
Daughter (<6) 0.112 0.170 * 0.144
Sample size 125 159   284
  1. Source: Wuwei 2008 Survey.
  2. Notes: For return migrants, all children-related variables are computed at the moment of return; for on-going migrants, they are computed at the time of the survey. The mean test column indicates the significance level of mean differences between return migrants and on-going migrants. NS non-significant; *significant at 10%; **significant at 5%; ***significant at 1%.