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Table 2 Probability of overeducation (probit, marginal effects)

From: Born abroad and educated here: examining the impacts of education and skill mismatch among immigrant graduates in Europe

  (1) (2) (3)
VARIABLES Spec1 Spec1 Spec1
Overedjob1 0.07*** 0.07*** 0.07***
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Overskilljob1 −0.01*** −0.01*** −0.01***
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
Male 0.00 0.00 0.00
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
Labour exp −0.00*** −0.00*** −0.00***
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
Age 0.00** 0.00** 0.00**
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
Years HE −0.01*** −0.01*** −0.01***
  (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
Humanities −0.00 −0.00 −0.00
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Social −0.00 −0.00 −0.00
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Science −0.00 −0.00 −0.00
  (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Engineering −0.00 −0.00 −0.00
  (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Unemploy hist 0.01*** 0.01*** 0.01***
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
Migrant −0.00   
  (0.007)   
Estab migrant   0.00  
   (0.008)  
New migrant   −0.01  
   (0.012)  
EU 15    −0.00
    (0.010)
EU other    0.03
    (0.023)
High income    −0.05
    (0.030)
Rest of world    0.00
    (0.010)
Course employer 0.00 0.00 0.00
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
Course prestige −0.01*** −0.01*** −0.01***
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
Vocational course 0.00 0.00 0.00
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
Fieldmatchnow −0.09*** −0.09*** −0.09***
  (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Fieldrelatednow −0.08*** −0.08*** −0.08***
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Hours −0.00** −0.00** −0.00**
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
R&D Firm −0.01*** −0.01*** −0.01***
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
Size 50–99 −0.01*** −0.01*** −0.01***
  (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Size 100–249 −0.01** −0.01** −0.01**
  (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Size 250–999 −0.00 −0.00 −0.00
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Size 1000+ −0.01* −0.01* −0.01*
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
Public sector −0.01*** −0.01*** −0.01***
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
N of employers 0.00* 0.00* 0.00*
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
Supervisor −0.02*** −0.02*** −0.02***
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
Italy 0.03*** 0.03*** 0.03***
  (0.006) (0.006) (0.006)
Spain 0.01 0.01 0.01
  (0.006) (0.006) (0.006)
France −0.04*** −0.04*** −0.04***
  (0.008) (0.008) (0.008)
Austria 0.02** 0.02** 0.02***
  (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
Netherlands −0.02** −0.02** −0.02**
  (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
UK −0.02** −0.02** −0.01**
  (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
Finland −0.01 −0.01 −0.01
  (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
Norway −0.01* −0.01* −0.01*
  (0.008) (0.008) (0.008)
Portugal 0.02* 0.02* 0.02*
  (0.010) (0.010) (0.010)
Belgium −0.04*** −0.04*** −0.04***
  (0.010) (0.010) (0.010)
Constant 0.01 0.01 0.01
  (0.016) (0.016) (0.016)
Pseudo R2 0.394 0.394 0.395
Observations 13,342 13,342 13,342
  1. Standard errors in parentheses
  2. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1