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Table 4 Probability of overskilling (probit, marginal effects)

From: Born abroad and educated here: examining the impacts of education and skill mismatch among immigrant graduates in Europe

  (1) (2) (3)
VARIABLES Spec1 Spec1 Spec1
Overedjob1 −0.01 −0.01 −0.01
  (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Overskilljob1 0.10*** 0.10*** 0.10***
  (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Male 0.01** 0.01** 0.01**
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Labour exp −0.00*** −0.00*** −0.00***
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
Age 0.00** 0.00** 0.00**
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
Years HE 0.00 0.00 0.00
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
Humanities −0.01 −0.01 −0.01
  (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
Social −0.00 −0.00 −0.00
  (0.006) (0.006) (0.006)
Science 0.01 0.01 0.01
  (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
Engineering 0.00 0.00 0.00
  (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
Unemploy hist 0.01*** 0.01*** 0.01***
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Migrant 0.03***   
  (0.009)   
Estab migrant   0.03***  
   (0.011)  
New migrant   0.02  
   (0.017)  
EU 15    0.03**
    (0.014)
EU other    0.01
    (0.042)
High income    0.03
    (0.029)
Rest of world    0.02*
    (0.014)
Course employer −0.01** −0.01** −0.01**
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Course prestige −0.02*** −0.02*** −0.02***
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Vocational course −0.00 −0.00 −0.00
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Fieldmatchnow −0.14*** −0.14*** −0.14***
  (0.006) (0.006) (0.006)
Fieldrelatednow −0.10*** −0.10*** −0.10***
  (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Hours −0.00* −0.00* −0.00*
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
R&D Firm −0.01*** −0.01*** −0.01***
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Size 50 − 99 −0.02** −0.02** −0.02**
  (0.008) (0.008) (0.008)
Size 100–249 0.01 0.01 0.01
  (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
Size 250–999 0.01 0.01 0.01
  (0.006) (0.006) (0.006)
Size 1000+ 0.00 0.00 0.00
  (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Public sector −0.02*** −0.02*** −0.02***
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
N of employers 0.00* 0.00* 0.00*
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
Supervisor −0.03*** −0.03*** −0.03***
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Italy 0.00 0.00 0.00
  (0.009) (0.009) (0.009)
Spain 0.00 0.00 0.00
  (0.009) (0.009) (0.009)
France −0.00 −0.00 −0.00
  (0.010) (0.010) (0.010)
Austria −0.01 −0.01 −0.01
  (0.011) (0.011) (0.011)
Netherlands −0.01 −0.01 −0.01
  (0.009) (0.009) (0.009)
UK −0.01 −0.01 −0.01
  (0.011) (0.011) (0.011)
Finland −0.02 −0.02 −0.02
  (0.010) (0.010) (0.010)
Norway −0.01 −0.01 −0.01
  (0.010) (0.010) (0.010)
Portugal −0.02 −0.02 −0.02
  (0.019) (0.019) (0.019)
Belgium −0.01 −0.01 −0.01
  (0.011) (0.011) (0.011)
Constant −0.06** −0.06** −0.06**
  (0.025) (0.025) (0.025)
Pseudo R2 0.27 0.27 0.27
Observations 13,342 13,342 13,342
  1. Standard errors in parentheses
  2. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1