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Table 7 Quantile wage equations: all employees

From: Born abroad and educated here: examining the impacts of education and skill mismatch among immigrant graduates in Europe

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
VARIABLES Q .2 Q .4 Q .5 Q .7 Q .9
Overedjob1 −0.02* −0.05*** −0.06*** −0.07*** −0.08***
  (0.013) (0.010) (0.010) (0.011) (0.014)
Overskilljob1 −0.00 0.01 0.00 −0.01 −0.00
  (0.012) (0.010) (0.009) (0.010) (0.013)
Overed now −0.26*** −0.27*** −0.26*** −0.22*** −0.20***
  (0.018) (0.014) (0.014) (0.015) (0.019)
Overskilled now −0.05*** −0.05*** −0.04*** −0.05*** −0.04**
  (0.016) (0.013) (0.012) (0.014) (0.017)
Overed*estab mig 0.11 0.06 0.13* 0.12 −0.02
  (0.096) (0.076) (0.074) (0.082) (0.104)
Oversk*estab mig 0.01 0.01 −0.06 −0.06 −0.08
  (0.080) (0.064) (0.062) (0.069) (0.088)
Overed*new mig 0.18 0.08 −0.03 −0.24* −0.05
  (0.165) (0.132) (0.127) (0.142) (0.181)
Oversk*new mig −0.38*** −0.44*** −0.38*** −0.16 −0.12
  (0.132) (0.105) (0.101) (0.113) (0.144)
Male 0.09*** 0.10*** 0.10*** 0.10*** 0.13***
  (0.009) (0.007) (0.007) (0.008) (0.010)
Labour exp 0.00*** 0.00*** 0.00*** 0.00*** 0.00***
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
Age 0.00 −0.00 −0.00 −0.00 −0.00**
  (0.002) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.002)
Years HE 0.05*** 0.06*** 0.06*** 0.07*** 0.09***
  (0.006) (0.004) (0.004) (0.005) (0.006)
Humanities 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01
  (0.013) (0.010) (0.010) (0.011) (0.014)
Social 0.06*** 0.07*** 0.08*** 0.08*** 0.10***
  (0.012) (0.010) (0.009) (0.010) (0.013)
Science 0.06*** 0.07*** 0.07*** 0.06*** 0.03*
  (0.016) (0.012) (0.012) (0.013) (0.017)
Engineering 0.13*** 0.12*** 0.13*** 0.11*** 0.12***
  (0.015) (0.012) (0.012) (0.013) (0.017)
Unemploy hist −0.04*** −0.07*** −0.07*** −0.07*** −0.09***
  (0.009) (0.007) (0.007) (0.008) (0.010)
Estab migrant 0.39 0.44** 0.65*** 0.95*** 1.32***
  (0.268) (0.214) (0.207) (0.231) (0.293)
New migrant −0.30 −1.11*** −1.33*** −1.86*** −2.01***
  (0.465) (0.371) (0.358) (0.400) (0.508)
Course employer 0.03*** 0.02*** 0.02*** 0.02*** 0.03***
  (0.009) (0.007) (0.007) (0.008) (0.010)
Course prestige 0.03*** 0.03*** 0.03*** 0.03*** 0.03**
  (0.010) (0.008) (0.007) (0.008) (0.010)
Vocational course 0.03*** 0.02** 0.02** 0.01 0.01
  (0.009) (0.007) (0.007) (0.008) (0.010)
Fieldmatchnow −0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.00
  (0.015) (0.012) (0.011) (0.012) (0.016)
Fieldrelatednow 0.02 0.03*** 0.03*** 0.02* −0.00
  (0.013) (0.010) (0.010) (0.011) (0.014)
Hours 0.02*** 0.02*** 0.02*** 0.01*** 0.01***
  (0.001) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.001)
R&D Firm 0.01 0.01** 0.01** 0.02** 0.02***
  (0.008) (0.007) (0.006) (0.007) (0.009)
Size 50–99 0.09*** 0.06*** 0.05*** 0.04*** 0.02
  (0.016) (0.013) (0.012) (0.014) (0.017)
Size 100–249 0.08*** 0.06*** 0.05*** 0.04*** 0.04***
  (0.014) (0.011) (0.011) (0.012) (0.016)
Size 250–999 0.08*** 0.07*** 0.07*** 0.06*** 0.08***
  (0.013) (0.010) (0.010) (0.011) (0.014)
Size 1000+ 0.14*** 0.13*** 0.12*** 0.11*** 0.12***
  (0.010) (0.008) (0.008) (0.009) (0.011)
Public sector −0.06*** −0.05*** −0.04*** −0.04*** −0.04***
  (0.009) (0.007) (0.007) (0.008) (0.010)
N of employers −0.01*** −0.00** −0.00*** −0.00 −0.00
  (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
Supervisor 0.06*** 0.06*** 0.06*** 0.07*** 0.08***
  (0.009) (0.007) (0.007) (0.008) (0.010)
Italy −0.70*** −0.65*** −0.63*** −0.59*** −0.51***
  (0.021) (0.017) (0.016) (0.018) (0.023)
Spain −0.76*** −0.71*** −0.68*** −0.62*** −0.54***
  (0.019) (0.015) (0.015) (0.016) (0.021)
France −0.31*** −0.30*** −0.29*** −0.28*** −0.30***
  (0.022) (0.018) (0.017) (0.019) (0.024)
Austria −0.26*** −0.26*** −0.26*** −0.25*** −0.20***
  (0.022) (0.018) (0.017) (0.019) (0.024)
Netherlands −0.13*** −0.14*** −0.16*** −0.17*** −0.21***
  (0.019) (0.015) (0.015) (0.017) (0.021)
UK −0.17*** −0.12*** −0.09*** −0.02 0.07***
  (0.023) (0.019) (0.018) (0.020) (0.026)
Finland −0.15*** −0.19*** −0.19*** −0.20*** −0.23***
  (0.020) (0.016) (0.015) (0.017) (0.022)
Norway 0.14*** 0.10*** 0.09*** 0.07*** 0.08***
  (0.020) (0.016) (0.015) (0.017) (0.021)
Portugal −0.93*** −0.91*** −0.87*** −0.83*** −0.77***
  (0.031) (0.025) (0.024) (0.027) (0.034)
Belgium −0.16*** −0.16*** −0.17*** −0.19*** −0.21***
  (0.023) (0.018) (0.018) (0.020) (0.025)
Oldmills −0.11 0.01 −0.13 −0.35* −0.21
  (0.220) (0.175) (0.169) (0.189) (0.240)
Oldmills2 0.24* 0.43*** 0.42*** 0.41*** 0.88***
  (0.135) (0.108) (0.104) (0.116) (0.148)
Newmills −0.70* 0.12 0.33 0.77** 0.48
  (0.400) (0.319) (0.308) (0.344) (0.436)
Newmills2 −0.95*** −0.80*** −0.79*** −0.80*** −1.32***
  (0.316) (0.252) (0.243) (0.272) (0.345)
Constant 6.30*** 7.25*** 7.45*** 8.01*** 8.19***
  (0.435) (0.347) (0.335) (0.374) (0.475)
Pseudo R2 0.407 0.394 0.381 0.340 0.278
Observations 12,622 12,622 12,622 12,622 12,622
  1. Standard errors in parentheses
  2. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1