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Table 2 Oaxaca decomposition of the score gap between 2000 and 2009 for first-generation immigrants

From: Better migrants, better PISA results: Findings from a natural experiment

(A) e Regression OLS 2009 Regression OLS 2000
  Coefficient Std. errorc Coefficient Std. error
Female 33.65 2.12a 10.64 6.92
Age −22.64 1.62a −8.43 5.47
SEI 1.10 0.08a 0.65 0.29b
Parents ‘educationd: tertiary 10.99 3.06a 30.84 16.24+
Parents’ education: compulsory 4.58 3.57 −26.40 9.19a
Family structuree: single −5.35 3.51 −13.29 11.96
Family Structure: mixed −31.49 11.31a 5.31 16.49
Siblings (yes) −3.05 3.17 −44.07 12.89a
Less than 100 books at home −45.86 2.98a −39.93 10.19a
Foreign language at home 3.90 2.80 −6.36 9.85
Age at immigration −0.30 0.24 −3.12 0.94a
Latin Switzerland 0.60 2.54 10.62 8.95
Country of originf: Germany, France, Austria, Belgium 51.41 4.08a 24.80 21.91
Country of origin: Italy, Spain, Portugal −0.18 3.51 −2.46 13.06
Country of origin: Albania, Kosovo, Ex Yugoslavia −11.48 3.14a −27.39 11.86a
Country of origin: Turkey 9.50 7.30 −38.35 15.94b
Constant 792.40 26.98a 646.93 87.83a
R2 0.35   0.27  
N 1095   649  
(B) Decomposition     
Total gap 40 100%   
Explained 22 55%   
Unexplained 18 45%   
  1. asignificant at 1% level
  2. bsignificant at 5% level, + significant at 10% level
  3. cAll standard errors account for errors’s correlations at the school level (clustered standard errors)
  4. dReference category: Both parents have secondary level education
  5. eReference: Nuclear
  6. fReference: other