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Table 12 The effects of immigration by gender, IV regressions

From: Russian migrants to Russia: assimilation and local labor market effects

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
  Wage Unemployment LFP
  Men Women Men Women Men Women
Percent of immigrants in the regional population, 1995-2004 −0.004 −0.027 −0.014*** −0.010 0.017 0.004
  (0.049) (0.048) (0.005) (0.006) (0.011) (0.011)
Percent of immigrants in the regional population, 1995 −0.083 −0.088 −0.051** −0.032 0.048 −0.015
  (0.122) (0.095) (0.020) (0.023) (0.033) (0.046)
Percent of immigrants in the regional population, 2002 0.031 −0.021 −0.011** −0.010 0.016 0.009
  (0.047) (0.045) (0.005) (0.010) (0.014) (0.009)
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses, clustered at the level of regions; *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01
  2. The results in this table come from separate regressions for each labor market outcome and each time period. The control variables and the instrumental variable in these regressions are the same as in tables 810. For the regressions in the first column the data on the percent of immigrants in the regional population is taken from 1994 Micro-Census. Sample includes non-immigrants of age 25-55/60 (for men/women)