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Table 6 Assimilation of immigrants and interregional migrants, RLMS data 1995–2009, women

From: Russian migrants to Russia: assimilation and local labor market effects

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)
  Log hourly wage Log monthly wage Economic. active Unemployed Log hourly wage Log monthly wage Economic. active Unemployed
Immigrant 1989-1995 −0.195 −0.298** −0.787*** 0.628*     
  (0.137) (0.147) (0.290) (0.358)     
Immigrant 1996-2000 −0.187 −0.314** −0.855*** 0.356     
  (0.151) (0.154) (0.225) (0.253)     
Immigrant 2001-2009 −0.289*** −0.292*** −0.102 0.725***     
  (0.099) (0.105) (0.181) (0.216)     
Years since immigration 0.012 0.021* 0.038** −0.048*     
  (0.011) (0.011) (0.019) (0.026)     
Reg.migrant 1989-1995      −0.047 −0.008 −0.057 0.296*
      (0.098) (0.103) (0.174) (0.171)
Reg.migrant 1996-2000      −0.004 0.002 −0.070 0.325**
      (0.075) (0.074) (0.124) (0.139)
Reg.migrant 2001-2009      −0.020 0.012 −0.240*** 0.333***
      (0.047) (0.046) (0.083) (0.099)
Years since reg.migration      0.002 0.001 0.003 −0.032**
      (0.006) (0.006) (0.012) (0.014)
Age 0.044*** 0.063*** 0.274*** −0.032*** 0.043*** 0.060*** 0.272*** −0.024***
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.007) (0.008) (0.004) (0.004) (0.008) (0.008)
Age squared −0.001*** −0.001*** −0.003*** 0.000 −0.001*** −0.001*** −0.003*** 0.000
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
Years of education 0.070*** 0.066*** 0.124*** −0.083*** 0.070*** 0.065*** 0.121*** −0.084***
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.006) (0.007) (0.003) (0.003) (0.006) (0.007)
Married 0.011 −0.008 −0.041 −0.167*** 0.023 0.001 −0.070** −0.179***
  (0.017) (0.017) (0.032) (0.037) (0.017) (0.017) (0.033) (0.039)
Urban area 0.384*** 0.398*** 0.004 −0.104 0.376*** 0.398*** 0.015 −0.103
  (0.059) (0.057) (0.082) (0.097) (0.059) (0.058) (0.084) (0.101)
N 18890 18890 46321 26848 18773 18773 45302 26412
adj./pseudo R 2 0.395 0.441 0.431 0.140 0.394 0.438 0.435 0.143
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses, clustered on individuals; *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01
  2. Year and region fixed effects, region-specific time trends are included in all regressions
  3. Regressions 1,2,5,6 are estimated on the sample of employed by OLS. Regressions 3, 7 are estimated on the total sample, regressions 4, 8 – on the sample of economically active. Regressions 3, 4, 7, 8 are estimated by binomial probit, marginal effects reported