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Table 7 Regional characteristics - correlates of the distance to the border

From: Russian migrants to Russia: assimilation and local labor market effects

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Log industrial output per capita in 1985 −0.267      
  (0.449)      
Unemployment rate in 1992   −0.059     
   (0.111)     
Employment to population ratio in 1992    2.201    
    (3.945)    
Export to CIS in 1998     −0.000   
     (0.000)   
Import to CIS in 1998      −0.001  
      (0.001)  
Share of employed in education in 1992       10.034
       (10.062)
Share of employed in healthcare in 1992       −27.384
       (20.570)
Share of employed in construction in 1992       −12.021
       (8.995)
Share of employed in agriculture in 1992       −18.930***
       (4.959)
Share of employed in industry in 1992       −4.826
       (3.217)
Log population size −0.682*** −0.714*** −0.707*** −0.688*** −0.604*** −0.410**
  (0.153) (0.145) (0.151) (0.154) (0.163) (0.168)
Share of urban population in 1994 0.049*** 0.045*** 0.042*** 0.045*** 0.048*** −0.031
  (0.015) (0.009) (0.010) (0.010) (0.009) (0.031)
Constant 12.484*** 13.287*** 12.034*** 12.579*** 11.272*** 19.983***
  (2.018) (1.944) (2.551) (2.017) (2.147) (3.717)
N 75 74 74 74 74 74
adj. R 2 0.207 0.206 0.205 0.204 0.220 0.384
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses; *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01
  2. Unit of observation is the region, 6 Caucasus regions are excluded due to the lack of data. Dependent variable is the logarithm of the distance from the center of a region to the border with fSU countries. Source of data - Rosstat