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Table 5 The effect of different types of E-Verify laws on population size

From: Do state work eligibility verification laws reduce unauthorized immigration?

  Likely unauthorized immigrants Less-educated US natives
Law covers All Not recent Recent New Whites Blacks Hispanics
Government employees −0.031* (0.018) −0.013 (0.019) −0.036 (0.041) −0.105 (0.154) 0.001 (0.009) −0.011 (0.014) −0.002 (0.027)
Government contractors 0.035 (0.024) 0.045* (0.027) 0.020 (0.048) 0.018 (0.133) 0.013 (0.010) 0.027* (0.014) −0.028 (0.030)
All workers −0.069** (0.029) −0.020 (0.032) −0.273*** (0.081) −0.516** (0.252) −0.011 (0.012) −0.004 (0.022) 0.015 (0.069)
N 510 510 510 510 510 510 510
  1. *p < 0.1; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01
  2. Note: Shown are estimated coefficients on a variable measuring the fraction of the year that an E-Verify law covering government employees, government contractors, or all workers was in effect in a state. The dependent variable is logged. Each column is from a separate OLS regression. The regressions include the log of state real GDP per capita, the unemployment rate, housing permits, housing starts, and the log of real state government expenditures per capita (all lagged 1 year); state and year fixed effects; and state-specific linear time trends. Observations are weighted using the sum of the person weights in the population group. Standard errors are robust and clustered on state