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Table 10 Robustness test I: structural estimation including interaction terms—all refugees

From: Income, amenities and negative attitudes

  Income stayers Income movers Quality of life/cost of moving
(1) (2) (3)
Uncorrelated errors
 Neg. attitudes −0.53   −0.70 *** −5.45 ***
(0.35)   (0.19)   (2.01)  
 % refugees 3.18 *** −1.53   30.06 ***
(1.16)   (1.26)   (5.49)  
 Neg. att. * % refugees −0.19   4.45   −114.32 ***
(2.76)   (3.09)   (41.31)  
Correlated errors—correlation: 0.25
 Neg. attitudes −0.21   −0.66 *** −5.20 ***
(0.26)   (0.26)   (1.70)  
 % refugees 3.55 ** −2.54   27.74 ***
(1.79)   (1.98)   (4.67)  
 Neg. att. * % refugees −4.09   5.25   −114.77 ***
(3.72)   (4.77)   (36.17)  
Correlated errors—correlation: 0.50
 Neg. attitudes −0.32   −0.86 *** −4.65 ***
(0.26)   (0.28)   (1.43)  
 % refugees 8.00 *** −3.62 * 25.14 ***
(0.98)   (1.92)   (3.88)  
 Neg. att. * % refugees −5.70 *** 8.39 * −102.49 ***
(1.69)   (4.45)   (30.15)  
  1. The three structural regressions (one for each assumed correlation of residuals) have the same controls and covariates as the regression in Table 4. Standard errors clustered at the labour market area level displayed under the coefficients. In column (3), each explanatory variable is defined as the differences in values between the variable at placement and the variable at the target municipality
  2. *Significant at 10 %; **significant at 5 %; and ***significant at the 1 % level