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Table 2 Summary statistics

From: Income, amenities and negative attitudes

  Observations Mean Standard deviation Min. Max.
Individual characteristics
 Ln income 145,014 11.3 1.5 −0.7 16.2
 Share well educated 212,686 0.23 0.4 0 1
 Age 212,910 37.0 11.9 15 65
 Share women 212,686 0.51 0.5 0 1
 Share married 212,686 0.59 0.5 0 1
Municipal characteristics where the stayers live
 Neg. attitudes tow. immigration 94,632 0.338 0.1 0 0.64
 Share refugees 94,632 0.075 0.05 0.003 0.264
 Open unemployment 94,632 4.54 1.85 0.79 13.65
 Municipal tax rate 94,608 31.1 1.27 26.5 34.41
 Population 89,383 224.2 256.9 3.6 847.1
 Latitude 94,632 58.4 1.69 55.37 67.17
 Avge. min. temperature winter 94,632 −4.49 2.28 −18.67 −1.33
Municipal characteristics where the movers live
 Neg. attitudes tow. immigration 118,047 0.332 0.1 0 0.75
 Share refugees 118,047 0.073 0.05 0.003 0.264
 Open unemployment 118,027 4.44 1.83 0.79 11.40
 Municipal tax rate 118,005 31.03 1.22 26.5 34.41
 Population (thousands) 110,830 210.9 243.7 3.2 847.1
 Latitude 118,047 58.1 1.67 55.37 67.17
 Avge. min. temperature winter 118,047 −4.10 2.17 −18,67 −1.33
Municipal characteristics where the movers were placed
 Neg. attitudes tow. immigration 118,054 0.343 0.1 0 0.75
 Share refugees 118,054 0.037 0.04 0.003 0.264
 Open unemployment 118,054 4.39 1.74 0.79 13.79
 Municipal tax rate 117,634 31.81 1.18 26.5 34.41
 Population 110,836 75.2 156.6 2.5 847.1
 Latitude 118,054 59.32 2.50 55.37 67.85
 Avge. min. temperature winter 118,054 −6.35 3.61 −20 −1.33
  1. Sample composed of citizens of the countries listed in Table 1 that immigrated to Sweden in the years 1985–1994. The sample corresponds to the years 1996–2010. Refugees include family reunification. “% high education” is the share of immigrants with more than high-school education. “Avge. min. temperature winter” is the average minimum temperature in winter in a 10-year period