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Table 8 Summary statistics for immigrants from developed countries

From: Income, amenities and negative attitudes

  Observations Mean Standard deviation Min. Max.
Individual characteristics
 Ln income 19,407 11.7 1.4 0.7 16.2
 Share well educated 50,152 0.28 0.4 0 1
 Age 50,152 38.6 11.2 15 65
 Share women 50,152 0.52 0.5 0 1
 Share married 50,152 0.61 0.5 0 1
Municipal characteristics where the stayers live
 Neg. attitudes towards immigration 31,216 0.346 0.1 0 0.75
 Share refugees 31,216 0.073 0.06 0.002 0.264
 Open unemployment 31,216 4.45 1.91 0.79 13.79
 Municipal tax rate 31,211 31.1 1.34 26.5 34.35
 Population 29,508 211.8 270.0 3.1 847.1
 Latitude 31,216 58.9 2.02 55.37 67.85
 Avge. min. temperature in winter 31,216 −5.19 2.89 −20.0 −1.33
Municipal characteristics where the movers live
 Neg. attitudes towards immigration 18,931 0.344 0.1 0 0.75
 Share refugees 18,931 0.066 0.05 0.002 0.264
 Open unemployment 18,922 4.03 1.79 0.79 13.79
 Municipal tax rate 18,908 31.07 1.35 26.5 34.41
 Population (thousands) 17,804 155.8 234.8 3.2 847.1
 Latitude 18,931 59.0 2.04 55.37 67.85
 Avge. min. temperature in winter 18,931 −5.31 2.84 −20.0 −1.33
Municipal characteristics where the movers lived first
 Neg. attitudes towards immigration 18,932 0.337 0.1 0 0.75
 Share refugees 18,932 0.067 0.05 0.002 0.264
 Open unemployment 18,932 4.31 1.85 0.82 13.79
 Municipal tax rate 17,322 31.25 1.37 26.5 34.41
 Population 17,804 197.5 271.9 2.7 847.1
 Latitude 18,932 59.28 2.16 55.37 67.85
 Avge. min. temperature in winter 18,932 −5.75 3.28 −20 −1.33
  1. The sample corresponds to the years 1996–2009