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Table 1 Immigration and emigration by nationality and country of birth

From: Spain: from massive immigration to vast emigration?

  Flow (persons) Ratio respect to population (‘000)
  Total Spanish nationality Spanish nationality Foreign nationality Total Spanish nationality Spanish nationality Foreign nationality
   Born in Spain Born abroad Total Total   Born in Spain Born abroad Total Total
Immigration
1996 29.895 9.359 3.850 13.209 16.686 0.8 0.2 6.8 0.3 28.6
1997 57.877 15.401 6.860 22.261 35.616 1.4 0.3 10.3 0.5 59.2
1998 81.227 15.881 8.151 24.032 57.195 2.0 0.4 13.7 0.6 89.8
1999 127.365 17.488 10.755 28.243 99.122 3.2 0.5 18.1 0.7 132.3
2000 362.468 17.608 13.979 31.587 330.881 8.9 0.5 21.8 0.8 358.1
2001 414.772 9.522 11.202 20.724 394.048 10.1 0.2 16.7 0.5 287.5
2002 483.260 17.836 22.339 40.175 443.085 11.6 0.5 31.7 1.0 224.0
2003 470.010 19.209 21.277 40.486 429.524 11.0 0.5 28.4 1.0 161.2
2004 684.561 19.941 18.776 38.717 645.844 15.8 0.5 23.9 1.0 212.8
2005 719.284 18.476 18.097 36.573 682.711 16.3 0.5 21.9 0.9 183.0
2006 840.844 18.944 18.929 37.873 802.971 18.8 0.5 21.5 0.9 193.8
2007 958.266 19.010 18.722 37.732 920.534 21.2 0.5 19.9 0.9 203.7
2008 726.009 17.068 16.713 33.781 692.228 15.7 0.4 16.1 0.8 131.4
2009 498.977 15.887 13.748 29.635 469.342 10.7 0.4 12.1 0.7 83.1
2010 464.443 15.658 17.451 33.109 431.334 9.9 0.4 14.3 0.8 75.0
2011 454.686 18.678 19.726 38.404 416.282 9.6 0.5 14.8 0.9 72.4
2012 370.515 17.767 16.638 34.405 336.110 7.8 0.4 11.4 0.8 58.6
2013 342.390 18.197 17.157 35.354 307.036 7.3 0.5 11.0 0.9 55.4
2014 380.659 20.205 18.950 39.155 341.504 8.1 0.5 11.0 0.9 68.0
Emigration
Period of early emigration 1960s
1960 105.420      3.5     
1961 176.821      5.7     
1962 216.381      6.9     
1963 200.539      6.3     
1964 230.124      7.2     
1965 203.609      6.3     
1966 155.093      4.8     
1967 89.484      2.7     
Period of recent emigration
2002   26.102 3.572 29.674    0.67 5.07 0.74  
2003   13.870 2.120 15.990    0.35 2.83 0.40  
2004   10.985 2.171 13.156    0.28 2.76 0.33  
2005   15.914 3.376 19.290    0.40 4.08 0.48  
2006   17.900 4.142 22.042    0.45 4.70 0.54  
2007   22.527 5.564 28.091    0.57 5.91 0.69  
2008 288.432 25.461 8.044 33.505 254.927 6.2 0.64 7.75 0.82 48.38
2009 380.118 26.334 9.656 35.990 344.128 8.1 0.66 8.53 0.88 60.92
2010 403.379 29.204 10.953 40.157 363.221 8.6 0.73 8.97 0.97 63.19
2011 409.034 40.150 15.321 55.472 353.562 8.7 1.00 11.49 1.34 61.47
2012 446.606 38.749 18.518 57.267 389.339 9.4 0.97 12.64 1.38 67.87
2013 532.303 48.136 25.193 73.329 458.974 11.3 1.20 16.11 1.76 82.75
2014 409.344 50.249 28.536 78.785 330.559 8.8 1.26 16.49 1.89 65.80
  1. Sources: Emigration from Spain during the period of early migration is from Nadal (1984) and Garcia Fernandez (1965). It is computed as the sum of emigration to America based on passengers on ships and planes and emigration to Europe based on destination countries’ statistics population in that period is from census data 1960 and 1970. The years in between are the result of a geometric interpolation immigration from municipal registers (Estadística de Variaciones Residenciales). Emigration from municipal registers (Estadística de Variaciones Residenciales) until 2007 and Estadística de migraciones since 2008 Population since 1996 comes from municipal registers (Padron Continuo)
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