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Table 6 Detailed summary statistics for multiple-sibling migrants

From: The remittance behaviour of Kenyan sibling migrants

Variables All multiple-sibling migrants Remitters only Non-remitters only t test/z-score
=1 if male; =0 otherwise 0.55 (0.50) 0.59 (0.49) 0.5 (0.5) −2.383***
Age 30.57 (8.40) 32.03 (7.63) 29.13 (8.87) −4.639***
Birth rank 2.38 (1.40) 2.09 (1.22) 2.67 (1.50) −5.53***
 =1 if married; =0 otherwise 0.50 (0.50) 0.59 (0.49) 0.41 (0.49) −4.756**
 =1 if secondary education; =0 otherwise 0.65 (0.48) 0.63 (0.48) 0.67 (0.47) 1.037
 =1 if university education; =0 otherwise 0.18 (0.38) 0.23 (0.42) 0.13 (0.34) −3.385***
 =1 if primary education; =0 otherwise 0.17 (0.38) 0.14 (0.35) 0.20 (0.40) 2.09**
χ 2 test for education dummies     13.27***
 =1 if lives alone; =0 otherwise 0.39 (0.49) 0.43 (0.5) 0.35 (0.48) −2.358***
 =1 if lives with spouse and/or children; =0 otherwise 0.41 (0.49) 0.46 (0.5) 0.35 (0.48) −2.816***
 =1 if lives with other relations; =0 otherwise 0.21 (0.40) 0.11 (0.31) 0.30 (0.46) 6.42***
χ 2 test for living situation dummies     39.02***
 Length of migration (years) 6.75 (6.81) 6.94 (5.98) 6.57 (7.55) −0.713
  =1 if located in external destination; =0 otherwise 0.37 (0.48) 0.4 (0.49) 0.35 (0.48) −1.504*
  =1 if the head has secondary education; =0 otherwise 0.43 (0.49) 0.41 (0.49) 0.44 (0.5) 0.5685
  =1 if the head has university education; =0 otherwise 0.10 (0.30) 0.09 (0.28) 0.12 (0.32) 1.416***
  =1 if the head has primary education; =0 otherwise 0.47 (0.50) 0.50(0.50) 0.44 (0.50) −1.43*
χ 2 test for head education dummies     3.06
 Number of children in the household 0.37 (0.78) 0.36 (0.76) 0.38 (0.8) 0.232
 Number of elderly people in the household 0.81 (0.75) 0.9 (0.72) 0.71 (0.77) −3.372***
 Household size 4.28 (2.23) 4.49 (2.1) 4.07 (2.33) −2.477***
  =1 if non-sibling migrant present; =0 otherwise 0.14 (0.35) 0.09 (0.29) 0.19 (0.39) 3.830***
  =1 if the household owns land and/or house; =0 otherwise 0.90 (0.29) 0.92 (0.27) 0.89 (0.32) −1.597*
N 700 347 353  
  1. Notes to the table: (i) The fifth column contains t tests/z-scores for the difference in means/proportions between non-remitters and remitters. (ii) Standard deviations are reported in parentheses. (iii) *, **, and *** represent the statistical significance of the differences for the 10, 5, and 1 % significance levels, respectively. (iv) The χ 2 tests are testing for differences between non-remitters and remitters for categorical variables. (v) Not all the variables featured in the preliminary analysis are included here. We only employ those variables found to have a significant effect on either the probability of remitting or the amount of remittances sent by multiple migrants