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Table 1 Weighted mean and standard errors of demographic and socio-economic variables

From: The regional impact of cultural diversity on wages: evidence from Australia

Variables Waves 1–11 Wave 4–11
Mean Jackknife std. err. Mean Jackknife std. err.
Gender (female = 1; male = 0) 0.523 0.043 0.523 0.053
Ancestry (Australian-born = 1; foreign-born = 0) 0.782 0.031 0.789 0.035
Geographic origin
 Australian 0.759 0.026 0.767 0.032
 Indigenous 0.022 0.014 0.022 0.019
 Asia-Pacific 0.111 0.044 0.109 0.046
 Europeans and North Americans 0.068 0.029 0.063 0.030
 East Europeans 0.005 0.009 0.005 0.010
 Middle East, Africans, and Latin Americans 0.034 0.013 0.033 0.014
Father’s ancestry (Australian-born = 1; foreign-born = 0) 0.614 0.044 0.618 0.055
Mother’s ancestry (Australian-born = 1; foreign-born = 0) 0.635 0.052 0.638 0.071
Marital status
 Married 0.528 0.288 0.530 0.380
 Separated/divorced/widowed 0.120 0.138 0.108 0.151
 Never married 0.352 0.423 0.362 0.527
How well speaks English
 Not asked 0.874 0.102 0.877 0.122
 Very well 0.085 0.071 0.087 0.088
 Well 0.060 0.041 0.055 0.038
 Not well 0.032 0.068 0.026 0.082
Highest year of school achieved
 Postgrad—masters or doctorate 0.040 0.035 0.043 0.043
 Grad diploma, grad certificate 0.059 0.070 0.063 0.091
 Bachelor or honours 0.165 0.066 0.170 0.085
 Adv. diploma, diploma 0.096 0.052 0.095 0.060
 Cert III or IV 0.210 0.080 0.219 0.113
 Cert I or II 0.015 0.007 0.016 0.008
 Cert not defined 0.004 0.008 0.004 0.009
 Year 12 0.184 0.151 0.182 0.221
 Year 11 and below 0.227 0.150 0.208 0.169
State
 New South Wales 0.304 0.086 0.300 0.094
 Victoria 0.245 0.058 0.245 0.063
 Queensland 0.217 0.030 0.220 0.032
 South Australia 0.078 0.020 0.078 0.020
 Western Australia 0.094 0.041 0.094 0.039
 Tasmania 0.029 0.022 0.029 0.023
 Northern Territory 0.011 0.013 0.011 0.015
 Australia Capital Territory 0.022 0.020 0.023 0.025
Section of state
 Major urban 0.661 0.032 0.655 0.050
 Other urban 0.220 0.038 0.222 0.050
 Bounded locality 0.022 0.013 0.022 0.011
 Rural balance 0.097 0.011 0.102 0.011
Observations (weighted) 37,455   25,231  
df 54   54  
  1. Means and standard errors of categorical variables are presented in this table for the combined panel of the HILDA Individual Person Respondent sample. The sample is restricted to those aged 16–45 years. Survey jackknife method was used to estimate standard errors for weighted mean values. Source: Author’s calculation based on HILDA Release 11