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Table 8 Demographic characteristics

From: The regional impact of cultural diversity on wages: evidence from Australia

Variables Census 2001 N or % Census 2011 N or %
Total populationb 18,769,249 21,507,717
Gender (Female)a,b 50.6 50.6
Ancestry (Australian-born)b 78.1 69.8
Geographic originc 17,578,932 20,258,695
 Australian 74.4 71.3
 Indigenous 2.3 2.7
 Asia-Pacific 8.2 11.6
 Europeans and North Americans 10.1 9.1
 East Europeans 2.4 1.9
 Middle East, Africans, and Latin Americans 2.6 3.5
Ageb 18,769,249 21,507,719
 Under 15 years 20.8 19.3
 15–24 years 13.7 13.3
 25–54 years 43.5 41.8
 55–64 years 9.4 11.6
 65 years and over 12.6 14
Parents’ ancestry 17,735,144 20,030,163
 At least one parent born overseas 78.4 46.2
 Both parents born in Australia 19.6 53.7
 Not stated 2.0 -
Marital statusa,b 14,856,774 17,363,696
 Married 51.4 48.7
 Separated/divorced/widowed 17.0 16.9
 Never married 31.6 34.3
Employment statusa,b 14,224,741 17,363,696
 Employed (full time) 37.7 36.7
 Employed (part time) 18.9 17.6
 Unemployed 4.6 3.5
 Not in labour force 37.0 38.6
Stated 18,755,867 21,504,382
 New South Wales 33.6 32.1
 Victoria 24.6 24.9
 Queensland 19.1 20.1
 South Australia 7.8 7.4
 Western Australia 9.8 10.4
 Tasmania 2.4 2.3
 Northern Territory 1.1 1.0
 Australia Capital Territory 1.6 1.9
Section of state 18,755,867 21,504,382
 Major urban 65.1 69.4
 Other urban 22.1 19.8
 Bounded locality 2.6 2.7
 Rural balance 10.3 8.2
  1. This table presents proportions for a range of demographic variables in the 2001 and 2011 censuses
  2. aPersons are aged 15 and above
  3. bSource: ABS (2001)
  4. cAuthors’ calculation from census data. Values are calculated excluding overseas visitors, observations with inadequately described values, and those who did not state their countries of birth
  5. dSource: ABS (2003)