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Table 17 Southern immigration and metro-average annual wages

From: Immigration and wages: new evidence from the African American Great Migration

   OLS IV
   1940 1950 1940 1950
Specification   Black White Black White Black White Black White
(1) Prop. Southern 0.265 0.449** −0.485* 0.450*** −0.0345 0.294 −0.782*** 0.483***
   (0.19) (0.19) (0.25) (0.15) (0.37) (0.24) (0.24) (0.18)
  Observations 27 93 23 100 26 80 22 80
(2) Prop. Southern 0.0215 0.369** −0.765 0.449*** −0.837*** 0.286 −0.796* 0.454**
   (0.45) (0.15) (0.48) (0.15) (0.27) (0.20) (0.43) (0.23)
  Observations 27 87 23 72 26 75 22 62
(3) Prop. Southern    −0.977*** 0.172    −1.488*** 0.251
     (0.33) (0.13)    (0.35) (0.22)
  Observations    23 87    22 75
(4) Prop. Southern    −1.243** 0.251**    −1.783*** 0.294
     (0.51) (0.10)    (0.46) (0.27)
  Observations    23 67    22 59
  1. Notes: Dependent variable is metro-average residuals from a regression of log annual wages on indicators for educational attainment and age. Specification (2) includes white and black metro-level percent employed in manufacturing, percent farming, and average years of education; specification (3) includes the metro level average dependent variable, lagged one decade; specification (4) includes metro-level average variables and a lagged mean dependent variable. Regressions weighted by the number of observations used to calculate metro-level covariates. Robust standard errors reported in parentheses
  2. “***”, “**”, and “*” denote significance at the 1, 5, and 10 % levels, respectively