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Table 19 First-stage regressions

From: Immigration and wages: new evidence from the African American Great Migration

   Individual covariates Individual and metro-level covariates
   1940 1950 1940 1950
Dependent variable Instrument(s) Black White Black White Black White Black White
Prop. Southern Predicted Prop. Southern 0.544*** 0.514*** 0.453*** 0.372*** 0.559*** 0.532*** 0.289*** 0.358***
   (0.0724) (0.0739) (0.0778) (0.0852) (0.0647) (0.0618) (0.0803) (0.0697)
  Observations 2081 104,029 1029 39,219 2081 101,339 1029 36,413
  R-squared 0.852 0.606 0.628 0.272 0.932 0.772 0.836 0.570
  Clusters 26 80 22 80 26 75 22 62
Prop. Southern black Predicted Prop. Southern black 0.322*** 0.471*** 0.300*** 0.376*** 0.313*** 0.469*** 0.233*** 0.329***
   (0.0829) (0.0918) (0.0520) (0.0733) (0.0985) (0.0653) (0.0697) (0.0546)
  Predicted Prop. Southern white 0.115 −0.0522 0.0676 0.0165 0.0863 −0.00589 0.0345 0.0206
   (0.0773) (0.0518) (0.0411) (0.0569) (0.0538) (0.0563) (0.0401) (0.0523)
  Observations 2081 104,029 1029 39,219 2081 101,339 1029 36,413
  R-squared 0.834 0.732 0.555 0.452 0.933 0.833 0.877 0.677
  Clusters 26 80 22 80 26 75 22 62
Prop. Southern white Predicted Prop. Southern black −0.197 −0.289 −0.257 −0.413** −0.616*** −0.209 −0.416*** −0.279**
   (0.139) (0.175) (0.158) (0.173) (0.182) (0.126) (0.142) (0.105)
  Predicted Prop. Southern white 0.748*** 0.874*** 0.725*** 0.807*** 1.018*** 0.779*** 0.685*** 0.653***
   (0.110) (0.187) (0.109) (0.159) (0.131) (0.127) (0.102) (0.115)
  Observations 2081 104,029 1029 39,219 2081 101,339 1029 36,413
  R-squared 0.879 0.717 0.779 0.594 0.957 0.799 0.893 0.720
  Clusters 26 80 22 80 26 75 22 62
  1. Notes: All specifications include indicators for age and education; metro-level covariates include white and black percent employed in manufacturing, percent farming, and average years of education. Standard errors, clustered by metro area, reported in parentheses
  2. “***”, “**”, and “*” denote significance at the 1, 5, and 10 % levels, respectively