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Table 2 Education by race, year and immigrant status

From: Immigration and wages: new evidence from the African American Great Migration

   Black White
Year Education group Northern Southern Northern Southern
1940 Less than 5th grade 0.10 0.16 0.02 0.05
  5th–8th grade 0.48 0.56 0.39 0.44
  Some high school 0.23 0.15 0.23 0.21
  High school degree 0.12 0.08 0.22 0.17
  Greater than high school 0.07 0.05 0.13 0.13
  Total 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1950 Less than 5th grade 0.05 0.12 0.02 0.04
  5th–8th grade 0.34 0.45 0.27 0.35
  Some high school 0.28 0.24 0.24 0.24
  High school degree 0.21 0.13 0.29 0.21
  Greater than high school 0.11 0.05 0.18 0.15
  Total 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1960 Less than 5th grade 0.03 0.07 0.01 0.04
  5th–8th grade 0.25 0.36 0.18 0.28
  Some high school 0.33 0.28 0.25 0.25
  High school degree 0.27 0.19 0.32 0.25
  Greater than high school 0.13 0.09 0.24 0.19
  Total 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  1. Notes: Standard errors for the estimated proportions, each of which is less than.01, suppressed