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Table 21 Weekly wages and race-specific immigration

From: Immigration and wages: new evidence from the African American Great Migration

   OLS IV
   1940 1950 1940 1950
Specification   Black White Black White Black White Black White
(1) Prop. Southern black −1.066 1.328** −1.294 1.091*** −1.501** 0.164 −3.607*** 0.262
   (0.722) (0.523) (1.076) (0.241) (0.696) (0.843) (1.197) (0.444)
  Prop. Southern white 0.0966 −0.212 0.0705 0.0776 −0.0224 −0.526** 0.718 −0.0536
   (0.392) (0.222) (0.332) (0.131) (0.470) (0.257) (0.564) (0.141)
  Observations 2106 107,104 1029 40,751 2080 103,986 1015 38,839
  Clusters 27 93 23 100 26 80 22 80
(2) Prop. Southern black −0.938 1.198*** −2.206 1.007*** −2.887** 0.569 −2.626** 0.178
   (1.236) (0.427) (1.338) (0.336) (1.316) (0.525) (1.289) (0.435)
  Prop. Southern white −0.273 −0.0875 0.0998 0.0364 0.0964 −0.272 0.443 0.00247
   (0.617) (0.247) (0.394) (0.173) (0.638) (0.290) (0.412) (0.233)
  Observations 2106 104,167 1029 37,065 2080 101,299 1015 36,055
  Clusters 27 87 23 72 26 75 22 62
(3) Prop. Southern black    −1.279** 0.685***    −2.050*** 0.374*
     (0.616) (0.180)    (0.633) (0.200)
  Prop. Southern white    −0.693 −0.0290    −0.583 −0.0911
     (0.451) (0.0631)    (0.571) (0.115)
  Observations    1029 38,933    1015 37,712
  Clusters    23 87    22 75
(4) Prop. Southern black    −3.193*** 0.466**    −2.518*** 0.189
     (0.738) (0.213)    (0.811) (0.210)
  Prop. Southern white    −0.374 −0.0113    −0.128 0.00415
     (0.329) (0.105)    (0.374) (0.153)
  Observations    1029 36,114    1015 35,295
  Clusters    23 67    22 59
  1. Notes: All specifications include indicators for age and education; specification (2) includes white and black metro-level percent employed in manufacturing, percent farming, and average years of education; specification (3) includes the metro level average dependent variable, lagged one decade; specification (4) includes metro-level average variables and a lagged mean dependent variable. Regressions weighted by the number of observations used to calculate metro-level covariates. Standard errors, clustered by metro area, reported in parentheses
  2. “***”, “**”, and “*” denote significance at the 1, 5, and 10 % levels, respectively