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Table 2 Distribution of workers by NHRIC and NVRIC—2006 (weighted)

From: Is the lower return to immigrants’ foreign schooling a postarrival problem in Canada?

  NVRIC NHRI UE OE
NHRIC 1 2 3 4 5 Total %
Native-born
 1 776,960 169,795 361,875 184,670 141,115 1,634,415 26 33 19
 2 91,065 39,530 84,235 32,855 22,060 269,745 4 49 17
 3 130,100 78,600 69,230 54,780 22,830 355,540 6 29 34
 4 210,410 115,510 132,590 89,505 45,610 593,625 9 27 38
 5 1,048,300 598,625 726,695 615,310 482,995 3,471,925 55 28 41
Total 2,256,835 1,002,060 1,374,625 977,120 714,610 6,325,250   30 34
NVRI % 36 16 22 15 11     
Immigrants, Canadian-educated
 1 114,960 27,145 50,455 32,860 26,165 251,585 22 30 25
 2 18,450 8890 12,765 6415 3940 50,460 4 41 23
 3 21,730 13,455 12,260 9585 5960 62,990 6 25 40
 4 39,100 21,275 22,565 17,990 10,025 110,955 10 23 42
 5 184,685 113,930 136,130 123,705 103,920 662,370 58 25 47
Total 378,925 184,695 234,175 190,555 150,010 1,138,360   27 40
NVRI % 33 16 21 17 13     
Immigrants, foreign-educated
 1 36,185 9260 20,170 11,420 11,560 88,595 11 26 33
 2 6795 3755 4450 2220 1500 18,720 2 30 33
 3 6795 4650 5550 4875 4415 26,285 3 16 58
 4 14,715 9410 13,510 12,695 8825 59,155 8 14 61
 5 98,540 68,360 101,715 135,355 187,505 591,475 76 0.2 83
Total 163,030 95,435 145,395 166,565 213,805 784,230   10 70
NVRI % 21 12 19 21 27     
  1. Notes: “Immigrant, Canadian-educated” also includes immigrants whose location of study is the USA or the UK. The distributions of overeducated (OE) and undereducated (UE) workers for each NHRI class are given in the last two columns of the table. The overeducated–undereducated are identified by the NVRI method as shown and explained in Table 1. Numbers are rounded to the nearest 0 or 5