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Table 8 OLS estimates of weekly wage earnings with NHRIC and NVRIC—2006

From: Is the lower return to immigrants’ foreign schooling a postarrival problem in Canada?

  (1) Native-born (2) Immigrants—CE (3) Immigrants—FE
Coef. P > |z| Coef. P > |z| Coef. P > |z|
Degrees
 Trades Base Base Base
 Registered apprenticeship 0.0358 0.000 0.0090 0.587 −0.0437 0.021
 College—less than 1 year −0.0055 0.213 −0.0306 0.022 −0.0113 0.593
 College—1 to 2 years 0.0429 0.000 0.0249 0.280 −0.0082 0.434
 College—more than 2 years 0.0841 0.000 0.0663 0.000 0.0135 0.384
 University—below bachelor’s 0.1138 0.000 0.0777 0.000 0.0581 0.001
 Bachelor’s 0.1856 0.000 0.1568 0.000 0.0869 0.000
 Above bachelor’s less than Master’s 0.2252 0.000 0.2028 0.000 0.1431 0.000
 Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry 0.1394 0.001 0.2281 0.001 0.1433 0.004
 Master’s 0.2987 0.000 0.2417 0.000 0.1229 0.000
 PhD 0.4490 0.000 0.4149 0.000 0.2946 0.000
NHRIC
 1 Base Base Base
 2 −0.0045 0.581 −0.0036 0.832 −0.0061 0.776
 3 −0.0174 0.090 −0.0259 0.087 −0.0278 0.307
 4 −0.0342 0.000 −0.0280 0.030 −0.0415 0.020
 5 −0.1127 0.000 −0.1070 0.000 −0.0932 0.000
NVRIC
 1 Base Base Base
 2 −0.0149 0.001 −0.0327 0.000 −0.0269 0.000
 3 −0.0179 0.002 −0.0316 0.000 −0.0266 0.002
 4 −0.0379 0.000 −0.0644 0.000 −0.0621 0.000
 5 −0.0784 0.000 −0.1142 0.000 −0.1063 0.000
Observations 1,228,448 219,417 150,183
  1. Notes: (1) See the notes to Table 7. (2) Standard errors are adjusted at NHRIC and NVRIC cells by using the two-way clustering method (Cameron et al. 2011)