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Table 5 Descriptive statistics by immigration cohort

From: Age at immigration matters for labor market integration—the Swedish example

  1990    1994    1998    2002   
Variable GDP group 1 (%) GDP group 2 (%) GDP group 3 (%) GDP group 1 (%) GDP group 2 (%) GDP group 3 (%) GDP group 1 (%) GDP group 2 (%) GDP group 3 (%) GDP group 1 (%) GDP group 2 (%) GDP group 3 (%)
Age 19–29 58 45 50 48 33 54 42 43 46 42 46 44
Age 30–34 14 18 19 18 20 20 19 19 20 16 17 20
Age 35–39 10 14 12 12 17 12 13 13 14 12 13 14
Age 40–44 8 8 7 7 12 6 9 10 9 8 9 10
Age 45–49 5 5 3 6 7 3 7 6 5 7 7 6
Age 50–54 2 3 3 4 4 2 5 4 3 6 5 3
Age 55–59 2 3 3 3 5 2 3 3 2 5 2 2
Age 60–64 1 5 3 1 3 1 2 2 1 4 2 1
Woman 40 56 45 43 52 55 43 52 52 41 55 50
No child 81 57 64 76 37 62 77 62 65 81 64 66
Woman and 1–2 children 10 22 14 10 25 17 10 19 15 8 18 15
Woman and 3 or more children 2 5 6 2 8 6 2 3 6 2 3 6
Man and 1–2 children 6 12 10 9 21 10 9 14 10 8 12 10
Man and 3 or more children 1 4 5 2 8 4 2 3 5 2 3 3
Partner 13 35 27 19 46 32 18 33 34 16 32 28
Swedish partner 4 6 3 9 3 6 7 7 5 6 8 5
No information on education 22 9 9 27 7 13 46 15 16 30 11 12
Less than compulsory 7 15 19 4 16 15 4 10 15 3 9 17
Compulsory school 15 12 16 6 4 8 6 7 10 6 6 8
Secondary 2 years 19 20 18 9 22 15 9 21 17 9 16 13
Secondary 3 years 14 16 13 10 22 16 6 14 12 8 14 12
Upper secondary less than 3 years 8 10 10 12 11 12 8 11 12 12 13 13
Upper secondary 3 years or more 14 18 15 32 17 21 21 22 18 31 32 24
Larger Stockholm 33 30 22 36 13 35 38 30 36 27 31 32
Larger Göteborg 11 10 9 9 7 11 11 11 14 9 10 12
Larger Malmö 6 11 6 10 8 7 7 11 9 13 12 10
Other Sweden 27 33 32 25 43 28 30 39 33 34 38 34
Forest counties 14 8 22 12 15 13 14 9 9 16 9 12
  1. All variables are measured in the year of immigration except level of education. Level of education is measured in 2010. If there is no information on education in 2010, educational level is measured in the year of immigration