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Table 1 Means of variables, by immigration status, men with a university degree aged 25 to 34 in the base year, 1991 and 2006 cohorts

From: International students, immigration and earnings growth: the effect of a pre-immigration host-country university education

  1991 cohort 2006 cohort
  Canadian-born men Canadian-educated immigrants Foreign-educated immigrants Canadian-born men Canadian-educated immigrants Foreign-educated immigrants
  Mean
First-year earnings (2013 constant dollars) 60,303 31,025 24,294 63,099 36,730 31,343
Log first-year earnings 10.77 9.98 9.74 10.80 10.14 10.05
Years since the base year 10.36 9.46 10.12 3.50 3.43 3.52
Age in the base year 29.66 29.10 29.51 29.41 28.42 30.23
Graduate degrees 0.25 0.49 0.21 0.24 0.45 0.33
Months of study in a year 0.08 0.29 0.12 0.58 1.62 0.60
French 0.33 0.06 0.05 0.25 0.04 0.04
Other languages 0.03 0.23 0.01 0.08
Visible minorities 0.04 0.91 0.76 0.10 0.85 0.79
Atlantic region 0.07 0.03 0.01 0.06 0.03 0.01
Quebec 0.28 0.19 0.16 0.23 0.25 0.23
Manitoba and Saskatchewan 0.06 0.04 0.02 0.06 0.04 0.04
Alberta 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.11 0.15 0.13
British Columbia 0.09 0.17 0.18 0.11 0.13 0.13
Skilled worker class 0.62 0.29 0.77 0.69
Other economic class 0.03 0.06 0.05 0.10
Family class 0.25 0.43 0.14 0.19
Refugees 0.10 0.21 0.04 0.02
Regional unemployment rate (percentage) 7.29 7.06 6.82 5.96 5.98 5.99
No prior earnings in Canada 0.01 0.09 0.00 0.12
Low prior earnings 0.08 0.40 0.11 0.40
Medium prior earnings 0.29 0.37 0.32 0.35
High prior earnings 0.62 0.14 0.57 0.14
Years of prior Canadian work experience 7.04 2.97 7.34 3.16
Years of Canadian study 3.96 3.84
Sample size (unique persons) 4523 3176 4191 7714 7730 9615
Person-years 79,574 37,872 56,836 43,788 37,660 48,265
  1. Sources: Statistics Canada, 1991 Census and Longitudinal Worker File linkage; 2006 Census and T1 personal tax file linkage; Temporary Residents File, Immigrant Landing File and T1 personal taxfile linkage; and Longitudinal Immigration Database
  2. … not applicable