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Table 2 Means of variables, by immigration status, women with a university degree aged 25 to 34 in the base year, 1991 and 2006 cohorts

From: International students, immigration and earnings growth: the effect of a pre-immigration host-country university education

  1991 cohort 2006 cohort
  Canadian-born women Canadian-educated immigrants Foreign-educated immigrants Canadian-born women Canadian-educated immigrants Foreign-educated immigrants
  Mean
First-year earnings (2013 constant dollars) 44,506 26,086 19,130 47,677 30,677 20,855
Log first-year earnings 10.45 9.78 9.50 10.52 9.97 9.58
Years since the base 10.45 9.81 10.55 3.50 3.41 3.54
Age in the base year 29.49 28.57 29.15 29.36 28.03 29.37
Graduate degrees 0.24 0.34 0.17 0.26 0.40 0.30
Months of study in a year 0.10 0.23 0.14 0.51 1.39 0.62
French 0.30 0.05 0.04 0.28 0.03 0.04
Other languages 0.00 0.04 0.24 0.00 0.01 0.11
Visible minorities 0.04 0.85 0.71 0.09 0.80 0.75
Atlantic region 0.08 0.02 0.01 0.08 0.02 0.01
Quebec 0.26 0.16 0.13 0.26 0.24 0.21
Manitoba and Saskatchewan 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.05
Alberta 0.10 0.07 0.07 0.10 0.11 0.13
British Columbia 0.09 0.19 0.18 0.11 0.18 0.15
Skilled worker class 0.43 0.15 0.58 0.35
Other economic class 0.16 0.20 0.10 0.33
Family class 0.33 0.48 0.28 0.31
Refugees 0.08 0.18 0.04 0.02
Regional unemployment rate (percentage) 7.25 6.94 6.66 6.07 5.99 5.95
No prior earnings in Canada 0.01 0.14 0.00 0.16
Low prior earnings 0.09 0.43 0.11 0.42
Medium prior earnings 0.41 0.35 0.41 0.33
High prior earnings 0.48 0.08 0.47 0.09
Years of prior Canadian work experience 6.97 2.59 7.48 3.09
Years of Canadian study 3.55 3.92
Sample size (unique persons) 4716 1661 3353 11,564 5912 9629
Person-years 80,635 20,005 44,300 64,446 27,304 42,614
  1. Sources: Statistics Canada, 1991 Census and Longitudinal Worker File linkage; 2006 Census and T1 personal tax file linkage; Temporary Residents File, Immigrant Landing File and T1 personal tax file linkage; and Longitudinal Immigration Database
  2. … not applicable