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Table 3 Regression models comparing earnings between Canadian-educated immigrant men and Canadian-born men with a university degree, 1991 and 2006 cohorts

From: International students, immigration and earnings growth: the effect of a pre-immigration host-country university education

  1991 cohort 2006 cohort
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  coefficient
Canadian-educated immigrants −0.760 *** −0.549 *** −0.245 *** −0.660 *** −0.324 *** 0.003
Years since the base year 0.074 *** 0.066 *** 0.068 *** 0.101 *** 0.089 *** 0.098 ***
Squared years since base year −0.002 *** −0.002 *** −0.002 *** −0.007 *** −0.006 *** −0.007 ***
Canadian-educated immigrants interacted with years since base year 0.071 *** 0.056 *** 0.062 *** 0.105 *** 0.032 *** 0.055 ***
Canadian-educated immigrants interacted with squared years since base year −0.003 *** −0.002 *** −0.002 *** −0.007 ** −0.002 −0.004 *
Age in the base year 0.183 ** −0.070 0.103 −0.105
Age squared −0.003 ** 0.001 −0.001 0.002
Graduate degrees 0.227 *** 0.218 *** 0.144 *** 0.149 ***
Months of study in a year −0.180 *** −0.157 *** −0.101 *** −0.084 ***
French 0.006 0.007 0.099 ** 0.059 *
Other languages −0.273 ** −0.211 ** −0.379 *** −0.207 *
Visible minorities −0.193 *** −0.036 −0.125 ** −0.057
Atlantic region −0.193 *** −0.122 *** −0.107 ** −0.051 *
Quebec −0.219 *** −0.129 *** −0.287 ** −0.143 ***
Manitoba and Saskatchewan −0.247 *** −0.186 *** −0.040 0.004
Alberta −0.017 0.005 0.216 *** 0.194 ***
British Columbia −0.207 *** −0.157 *** −0.116 *** −0.081 ***
Regional unemployment rate −0.010 ** −0.009 * −0.007 −0.014 ***
Low prior earnings 0.039 0.181 ***
Medium prior earnings 0.241 *** 0.559 ***
High prior earnings 0.800 *** 1.130 ***
Years of prior Canadian work experience 0.030 *** 0.010
Intercept 10.758 *** 8.099 *** 11.438 *** 10.807 *** 9.114 *** 11.631 ***
  1. Note: The model R-squared is 0.150, 0.208 and 0.312 in models 1, 2 and 3, respectively, for the 1991 cohort, it is 0.108, 0.257 and 0.393 in models 1, 2 and 3, respectively, for the 2006 cohort. Sources: Statistics Canada, 1991 Census and Longitudinal Worker File linkage; 2006 Census and T1 personal tax file linkage; Temporary Residents File, Immigrant Landing File and T1 personal tax file linkage, and Longitudinal Immigration Database
  2. … not applicable
  3. *Significantly different from reference category (p < 0.05), **p <0.01, ***p < 0.001