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Table 5 Regression models comparing earnings between Canadian-educated immigrant men and foreign-educated immigrant men with a university degree, 1991 and 2006 cohorts

From: International students, immigration and earnings growth: the effect of a pre-immigration host-country university education

  1991 cohort 2006 cohort
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  Coefficient
Canadian-educated immigrants 0.210 *** 0.171 *** −0.259 *** 0.072 *** 0.259 *** −0.140 ***
Years since the base year 0.133 *** 0.115 *** 0.115 *** 0.124 *** 0.177 *** 0.182 ***
Squared years since base year −0.005 *** −0.004 *** −0.004 *** −0.006 *** −0.016 *** −0.016 ***
Canadian-educated immigrants interacted with years since base year 0.012 * 0.000 0.003 0.081 *** −0.022 * −0.009
Canadian-educated immigrants interacted with squared years since base year 0.000 0.000 0.000 −0.008 *** 0.003 0.002
Age in the base year 0.082 0.072 0.062 0.060
Age squared −0.002 −0.001 −0.001 −0.001
Graduate degrees 0.249 *** 0.206 *** 0.095 *** 0.086 ***
Months of study in a year −0.149 *** −0.141 *** −0.092 *** −0.086 ***
French −0.213 ** −0.208 *** −0.081 ** −0.086 **
Other languages −0.246 *** −0.251 *** −0.215 *** −0.222 ***
Atlantic region 0.127 0.143 * 0.145 *** 0.121 ***
Quebec −0.187 *** −0.166 *** −0.225 *** −0.176 ***
Manitoba and Saskatchewan −0.114 ** −0.106 ** −0.035 −0.039
Alberta −0.030 −0.040 0.234 *** 0.217 ***
British Columbia −0.203 *** −0.193 *** −0.044 * −0.047 **
Regional unemployment rate −0.027 *** −0.027 *** −0.032 *** −0.035 ***
Other economic class −0.111 ** −0.072 −0.159 *** −0.134 ***
Family class −0.205 *** −0.153 *** −0.251 *** −0.195 ***
Refugees −0.124 *** −0.109 ** −0.476 *** −0.427 ***
Low prior earnings 0.098 0.205 ***
Medium prior earnings 0.276 *** 0.510 ***
High prior earnings 0.656 *** 0.925 ***
Years of prior Canadian work experience 0.028 ** 0.012 *
Years of Canadian study 0.018 ** −0.012 *
Intercept 9.788 *** 9.269 *** 9.425 *** 10.075 *** 8.517 *** 9.759 ***
Source-country fixed effect No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
  1. Note: the model R-squared is 0.132, 0.239 and 0.254 in models 1, 2 and 3, respectively, for the 1991 cohort; it is 0.054, 0.217 and 0.236 in models 1, 2 and 3, respectively, for the 2006 cohort. Sources: Statistics Canada, 1991 Census and Longitudinal Worker File linkage; 2006 Census and T1 personal tax file linkage; Temporary Residents File, Immigrant Landing File and T1 personal tax file linkage; and Longitudinal Immigration Database
  2. … not applicable
  3. *Significantly different from reference category (p < 0.05), **p <0.01, ***p < 0.001