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Table 6 Regression models comparing earnings between Canadian-educated immigrant women and foreign-educated immigrant women with a university degree, 1991 and 2006 cohorts

From: International students, immigration and earnings growth: the effect of a pre-immigration host-country university education

  1991 cohort 2006 cohort
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  Coefficient
Canadian-educated immigrants 0.290 *** 0.161 *** −0.098 0.384 *** 0.425 *** 0.060
Years since the base year 0.108 *** 0.100 *** 0.099 *** 0.114 *** 0.147 *** 0.152 ***
Squared years since base year −0.003 *** −0.003 *** −0.003 *** −0.005 *** −0.011 *** −0.012 ***
Canadian-educated immigrants interacted with years since base year 0.004 −0.003 0.000 0.007 −0.054 *** −0.044 ***
Canadian-educated immigrants interacted with squared years since base year 0.000 0.000 0.000 −0.002 0.004 0.004
Age in the base year 0.019 0.011 −0.081 −0.068
Age squared 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.001
Graduate degrees 0.215 *** 0.178 *** 0.092 *** 0.080 ***
Months of study in a year −0.090 *** −0.084 *** −0.077 *** −0.072 ***
French −0.091 −0.084 −0.126 *** −0.143 ***
Other languages −0.246 *** −0.250 *** −0.193 *** −0.191 ***
Atlantic region −0.180 ** −0.125 0.060 0.052
Quebec −0.210 *** −0.183 *** −0.277 *** −0.221 ***
Manitoba and Saskatchewan −0.239 *** −0.218 *** −0.044 −0.054
Alberta −0.093 * −0.095 * 0.164 *** 0.132 ***
British Columbia −0.141 *** −0.129 *** −0.071 *** −0.069 ***
Regional unemployment rate −0.019 *** −0.019 *** −0.015 ** −0.019 ***
Other economic class −0.123 *** −0.091 ** −0.265 *** −0.231 ***
Family class −0.210 *** −0.179 *** −0.339 *** −0.278 ***
Refugees −0.209 *** −0.182 *** −0.509 *** −0.434 ***
Low prior earnings 0.041 0.229 ***
Medium prior earnings 0.269 *** 0.529 ***
High prior earnings 0.722 *** 0.956 ***
Years of prior Canadian work experience 0.001 0.000
Years of Canadian study 0.017 0.000
Intercept 9.541 *** 9.668*** 9.766 *** 9.598 *** 11.683 *** 11.016 ***
Source-country fixed effect No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
  1. Note: The model R-squared is 0.117, 0.200 and 0.213 in models 1, 2 and 3, respectively, for the 1991 cohort, it is 0.056, 0.179 and 0.204 in models 1, 2 and 3, respectively, for the 2006 cohort. Sources: Statistics Canada, 1991 Census and Longitudinal Worker File linkage; 2006 Census and T1 personal tax file linkage; Temporary Residents File, Immigrant Landing File and T1 personal tax file linkage; and Longitudinal Immigration Database
  2. … not applicable
  3. *Significantly different from reference category (p < 0.05), **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001