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Table 8 Descriptive statistics of male and female formal-sector workers

From: Measuring links between labor monopsony and the gender pay gap in Brazil

   Male Female
Workers Age 20–29 0.266 0.247
  Age 30–39 0.450 0.444
  Age 40–49 0.284 0.309
  Ed: primary 0.447 0.253
  Ed: middle 0.268 0.222
  Ed: high school 0.180 0.310
  Ed: college 0.105 0.214
  Potential experience 21.820 19.942
Occupation Professional 0.117 0.224
  Technical 0.172 0.319
  White collar 0.137 0.187
  Skilled labor 0.395 0.129
  Unskilled labor 0.128 0.121
Sector All industry 0.225 0.145
  Utilities 0.017 0.006
  Construction 0.092 0.010
  Retail trade 0.121 0.119
  Wholesale trade 0.033 0.019
  Finance 0.020 0.028
  Real estate 0.111 0.076
  Transportation 0.081 0.023
  Hotel and service 0.065 0.119
  Medical 0.013 0.070
  Education 0.017 0.051
  Public admin. 0.139 0.316
  Agriculture 0.067 0.020
Region Midwest 0.079 0.073
  North 0.042 0.045
  Northeast 0.158 0.172
  Southeast 0.549 0.528
  South 0.171 0.182
Firms Log workers 4.802 5.509
  Mean proportion of primary ed. workers 0.601 0.441
  Mean proportion of high school ed. workers 0.282 0.356
  Mean proportion of white collar workers 0.466 0.686
Job Log monthly wage 5.737 5.573
  Tenure (years) 4.582 5.665
  Layoff rate 0.142 0.099
  Quit rate 0.024 0.023
  Quits to employment 0.0005 0.0004
  Quits to non-employment 0.023 0.023
Observations Firms 514,408 358,436
  Workers 1,916,791 1,172,878
  Job spells 5,064,045 3,081,062
  1. Source: Brazilian RAIS, 1998–2001