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Table 3 Employment rates of male temporary foreign workers before and after transition to permanent residence, by streams, 1996 to 2012

From: Acquisition of permanent residence by temporary foreign workers in Canada: a panel study of labour market outcomes before and after the status transition

  Group 1: international agreements Group 2: Canadian interests—employment benefits Group 3: other Canadian interests Group 4: temporary foreign workers with labour market opinion Group 5: Live-in Caregiver Program
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
  Percentage points
Years prior to transition
 5 0.022* 0.025** 0.036** 0.036** −0.068*** −0.060*** −0.031*** −0.030*** 0.015 0.015
 4 0.022** 0.023** 0.041*** 0.041*** −0.067*** −0.059*** −0.024*** −0.023*** 0.000 0.000
 3 0.016** 0.018*** 0.022** 0.022** −0.057*** −0.050*** −0.012** −0.011** 0.013* 0.013
 2 0.010* 0.011* 0.022*** 0.022*** −0.042*** −0.037*** −0.003 −0.002 0.005 0.004
 1 0.005 0.006 0.012* 0.012** −0.047*** −0.045*** 0.001 0.001 −0.003 −0.004
Years post transition
 1 0.002 0.003 −0.003 −0.002 0.023*** 0.024*** −0.003 −0.003 −0.007 −0.005
 2 0.000 0.001 −0.009 −0.008 0.026*** 0.028*** −0.007** −0.007** −0.010 −0.006
 3 −0.009* −0.008 −0.010 −0.009 0.026*** 0.026*** −0.013*** −0.013*** −0.013* −0.011
 4 −0.015** −0.014** −0.008 −0.008 0.023*** 0.022*** −0.012*** −0.011*** −0.017* −0.015*
 5 −0.017** −0.016** −0.014 −0.013 0.024*** 0.022*** −0.018*** −0.017*** −0.017* −0.016
Months of full-time postsecondary education −0.015*** −0.011** −0.013*** −0.008*** −0.008**
Mean of employment rates 0.966 0.966 0.941 0.941 0.904 0.904 0.958 0.958 0.982 0.982
  Number
R-squared 0.366 0.373 0.474 0.475 0.438 0.443 0.401 0.402 0.303 0.306
Sample size 32,399 32,399 25,740 25,740 172,920 172,920 89,106 89,106 9554 9554
  1. Notes: (a) “months of full-time postsecondary education” is computed using information on federal non-refundable full-time education credits and deductions on the T1 Personal Master File; (b) the indicator of missing postsecondary education information is controlled for in Model 2. Sources: Statistics Canada, Temporary Residents file, Immigrant Landing file and Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database
  2. … not applicable
  3. *significantly different from reference category (p < 0.05); **significantly different from reference category (p < 0.01); ***significantly different from reference category (p < 0.001); significantly different from reference category (p < 0.10)