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Table 5 Log earnings model results for male temporary foreign workers, by streams, 1996 to 2012

From: Acquisition of permanent residence by temporary foreign workers in Canada: a panel study of labour market outcomes before and after the status transition

  Group 1: international agreements Group 2: Canadian interests—employment benefits Group 3: other Canadian interests Group 4: temporary foreign workers with labour market opinion Group 5: Live-in Caregiver Program
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
  Log points
Years prior to transition
 5 −0.137*** −0.119*** −0.077 −0.058 −0.390*** −0.318*** −0.185*** −0.169*** −0.343** −0.371***
 4 −0.092*** −0.084** −0.037 −0.021 −0.364*** −0.292*** −0.144*** −0.130*** −0.384*** −0.414***
 3 −0.050* −0.040 0.003 0.015 −0.253*** −0.200*** −0.108*** −0.099*** −0.324*** −0.347***
 2 −0.013 −0.009 0.015 0.018 −0.140*** −0.103*** −0.035*** −0.031** −0.212*** −0.233***
 1 0.027* 0.027* 0.058*** 0.060*** −0.084*** −0.069*** 0.006 0.007 −0.161*** −0.176***
Years post transition
 1 0.062*** 0.074*** 0.024† 0.034* 0.214*** 0.227*** 0.022** 0.033*** 0.241*** 0.259***
 2 0.107*** 0.124*** 0.046** 0.060*** 0.317*** 0.331*** 0.046*** 0.057*** 0.356*** 0.380***
 3 0.135*** 0.151*** 0.073*** 0.082*** 0.379*** 0.390*** 0.066*** 0.076*** 0.426*** 0.440***
 4 0.172*** 0.186*** 0.078*** 0.089*** 0.443*** 0.449*** 0.074*** 0.085*** 0.501*** 0.510***
 5 0.210*** 0.223*** 0.099*** 0.112*** 0.505*** 0.509*** 0.079*** 0.091*** 0.572*** 0.574***
Months of full-time postsecondary education −0.078*** −0.053*** −0.073*** −0.051*** −0.077***
Voluntary job mobility −0.253*** −0.156** −0.160*** −0.267*** −0.112**
Involuntary job mobility −0.082*** −0.045** −0.004 −0.067*** −0.040**
Mean log earnings 11.201 11.201 11.293 11.293 10.352 10.352 11.098 11.098 10.175 10.175
  Number
R-squared 0.743 0.754 0.747 0.754 0.662 0.680 0.734 0.742 0.550 0.565
Sample size 31,313 31,313 24,234 24,234 156,315 156,315 85,339 85,339 9384 9384
  1. Note: The indicator of missing postsecondary education information is controlled for in Model 2. Sources: Statistics Canada, Temporary Residents file, Immigrant Landing file and Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database
  2. … not applicable
  3. *significantly different from reference category (p < 0.05); **significantly different from reference category (p < 0.01); ***significantly different from reference category (p < 0.001); significantly different from reference category (p < 0.10)