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Table 6 Log earnings model results for female temporary foreign workers, by streams, 1996 to 2012

From: Acquisition of permanent residence by temporary foreign workers in Canada: a panel study of labour market outcomes before and after the status transition

  Group 1: international agreements Group 2: Canadian interests—employment benefits Group 3: other Canadian interests Group 4: temporary foreign workers with labour market opinion Group 5: Live-in Caregiver Program
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
  Log points
Years prior to transition
 5 −0.037 −0.008 −0.029 −0.013 −0.366*** −0.308*** −0.154*** −0.131** −0.270*** −0.294***
 4 −0.027 −0.012 −0.023 −0.008 −0.297*** −0.250*** −0.120*** −0.104** −0.203*** −0.224***
 3 0.047 0.056 −0.011 −0.007 −0.217*** −0.183*** −0.054* −0.052* −0.109*** −0.130***
 2 0.059* 0.067* 0.077 0.083* −0.101*** −0.077*** 0.000 −0.004 −0.031*** −0.051***
 1 0.064** 0.068** 0.063* 0.066* −0.045*** −0.037*** 0.047** 0.044** −0.008* −0.022***
Years post transition
 1 0.076*** 0.085*** 0.028 0.035 0.202*** 0.209*** 0.019 0.032* 0.045*** 0.067***
 2 0.055* 0.064** 0.048 0.061 0.280*** 0.290*** 0.020 0.035* 0.111*** 0.131***
 3 0.050 0.060* 0.035 0.048 0.337*** 0.344*** 0.031 0.050** 0.177*** 0.189***
 4 0.064* 0.073* 0.045 0.058 0.398*** 0.402*** 0.044* 0.060** 0.223*** 0.231***
 5 0.066* 0.080* 0.052 0.060 0.476*** 0.476*** 0.066** 0.079*** 0.283*** 0.286***
Months of full-time postsecondary education −0.060*** −0.050*** −0.064*** −0.057*** −0.074***
Voluntary job mobility −0.154** −0.327** −0.146*** −0.269*** −0.200***
Involuntary job mobility −0.019 −0.005 0.044*** −0.060*** −0.044***
Mean log earnings 10.705 10.705 10.720 10.720 9.907 9.907 10.694 10.694 9.905 9.905
  Number
R-squared 0.675 0.682 0.736 0.741 0.627 0.639 0.722 0.731 0.419 0.438
Sample size 15,821 15,821 6814 6814 162,721 162,721 30,393 30,393 229,098 229,098
  1. Note: The indicator of missing postsecondary education information is controlled for in Model 2. Sources: Statistics Canada, Temporary Residents file, Immigrant Landing file and Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database
  2. … not applicable
  3. *significantly different from reference category (p < 0.05); **significantly different from reference category (p < 0.01); ***significantly different from reference category (p < 0.001); significantly different from reference category (p < 0.10)