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Table 8 Log earnings models for temporary foreign workers, by sex and streams, 11-year balanced panel data

From: Acquisition of permanent residence by temporary foreign workers in Canada: a panel study of labour market outcomes before and after the status transition

  Group 1: international agreements Group 2: Canadian interests, employment benefit Group 3: other Canadian interests Group 4: temporary foreign workers with labour market opinion Group 5: live-in caregivers
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
  Percentage points
Years before transition
 5 −0.121 0.119 −0.124 −0.251** −0.086 −0.176** −0.208* −0.263***
 4 −0.049 0.153 −0.041 −0.150* −0.007 −0.136* −0.206* −0.165***
 3 0.007 0.132 0.082 −0.017 0.071 −0.120* −0.117 −0.134**
 2 0.031 0.093 0.067 0.046 0.187** −0.041 −0.055 −0.032
 1 0.058 0.180* 0.118* 0.083* 0.199*** −0.024 −0.008 0.014
Years after transition
 1 0.016 0.038 0.070 0.219*** 0.187*** 0.052 −0.002 0.040
 2 0.060 0.043 0.042 0.248*** 0.315*** 0.076 0.038 0.119**
 3 0.084 −0.065 0.042 0.300*** 0.322*** 0.088 0.053 0.098*
 4 0.208** −0.016 0.014 0.341*** 0.289*** 0.046 0.014 0.174**
 5 0.234** 0.002 −0.056 0.399*** 0.402*** −0.021 0.083 0.208***
Months of full-time study −0.109*** −0.058** −0.106** −0.069*** −0.091*** −0.064*** −0.068*** −0.062***
Voluntary job mobility −0.157 −0.582 −0.033 −0.197* −0.233** −0.235* −0.137 −0.148**
Involuntary job mobility −0.078 −0.060 −0.032 −0.016 0.045 −0.102** −0.140* −0.038*
  Number
R-squared 0.750 0.640 0.759 0.680 0.651 0.729 0.729 0.431
Person-year 3434 1248 2523 539 6548 6059 6512 2060 99 6206
  1. Sources: Statistics Canada, Temporary Residents file, Immigrant Landing file and Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database
  2. … sample size too small
  3. *significantly different from reference category (p < 0.05); **significantly different from reference category (p < 0.01); ***significantly different from reference category (p < 0.001); significantly different from reference category (p < 0.10)