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Table 8 Linear probability models for migrants aged 18–64 being low, middle, or highly educated at the time of migration (no imputation on education data), 1990–1997 vs. 1990–2007

From: Liberalization of European migration and the immigration of skilled people to Sweden

  1990–1997 1990–2007
  1.1 1.2 1.3 2.1 2.2 2.3
  Low2_97 Mid2_97 High2_97 Low2_07 Mid2_07 High2_07
EU-15 × 1994–1997 − 0.006 0.099*** − 0.093*** − 0.006 0.041*** − 0.036***
  (0.022) (0.028) (0.028) (0.012) (0.014) (0.013)
Age of migration − 0.045*** − 0.033*** 0.078*** − 0.030*** − 0.040*** 0.070***
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.002) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
Age2 of migration 0.001*** 0.000*** − 0.001*** 0.000*** 0.001*** − 0.001***
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
Gender (omit: male) − 0.041*** − 0.004 0.045*** − 0.027*** − 0.023*** 0.050***
  (0.006) (0.007) (0.007) (0.002) (0.004) (0.004)
Marriage − 0.019** 0.000 0.018** − 0.018*** 0.017*** 0.001
  (0.008) (0.009) (0.009) (0.003) (0.004) (0.005)
Children 0.119*** − 0.017* − 0.101*** 0.058*** 0.013*** − 0.072***
  (0.009) (0.009) (0.009) (0.004) (0.005) (0.005)
Human capital − 0.496 − 2.976** 3.472** − 0.416*** − 0.195* 0.611***
  (0.958) (1.374) (1.386) (0.075) (0.115) (0.121)
Year of immigration FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Region of origin FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Observations 15,614 15,614 15,614 56,366 56,366 56,366
Adjusted R2 0.289 0.425 0.562 0.204 0.305 0.722
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses. Source: Statistics Sweden
  2. ***p < 0.01; **p < 0.05; *p < 0.1