Skip to main content

Table 9 Ordinary least square (OLS) regressions of the probability of a migrant being low, middle, or highly educated at the time of migration and becoming an inventor from the time of migration until 2007, 1990–2007 vs. 1985–2007

From: Liberalization of European migration and the immigration of skilled people to Sweden

  Control: Other developed regions
1990–2007 1985–2007
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4
90_Low2 90_Mid2 90_High2 90_Pat2 85_Low2 85_Mid2 85_High2 85_Pat2
EU-15 × 1994–2007 0.014** 0.012 − 0.026*** − 0.001 0.013** 0.004 − 0.017*** − 0.000
  (0.007) (0.009) (0.009) (0.001) (0.005) (0.007) (0.006) (0.001)
Age at migration − 0.024*** − 0.055*** 0.079*** 0.001*** − 0.025*** − 0.048*** 0.073*** 0.001***
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000)
Age2 at migration 0.000*** 0.001*** − 0.001*** − 0.000*** 0.000*** 0.001*** − 0.001*** − 0.000***
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
Female − 0.025*** 0.008*** 0.017*** − 0.004*** − 0.026*** 0.010*** 0.016*** − 0.004***
  (0.002) (0.003) (0.003) (0.000) (0.002) (0.003) (0.003) (0.000)
Human capital − 0.318*** − 0.347*** 0.665*** 0.020 − 0.390*** − 0.298*** 0.689*** 0.015*
  (0.056) (0.096) (0.100) (0.012) (0.056) (0.083) (0.084) (0.009)
Year of immigration FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Region of origin FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Observations 103,516 103,516 103,516 103,516 128,474 128,474 128,474 128,474
Adjusted R2 0.167 0.364 0.640 0.006 0.237 0.396 0.611 0.006
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses. Source: Statistics Sweden and CIRCLE data on inventors
  2. ***p < 0.01; **p < 0.05; *p < 0.1