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Table 1 Mean wages by immigrant status and job match

From: Does it matter if immigrants work in jobs related to their education?

  Males Females
  Immigrants Canadian-born Immigrants Canadian-born
  (1) (2) (3) (1) (2) (3)
  Traditional Non-traditional All Traditional Non-traditional All
Degree of job match  
(1) Not related to education 22.0 16.7 20.6 15.3 13.4 16.0
(2) Somewhat related 26.9 23.8 25.9 19.1 17.6 19.7
(3) Closely related 31.6 28.3 27.2 23.7 21.0 22.7
Wage penalties (%)  
(4) Somewhat vs. closely 14.9 15.9 4.8 19.4 16.2 13.2
(5) Unrelated vs. closely 30.4 41.0 24.3 35.4 36.2 29.5
N (person-years) 1691 2502 40,815 1474 2178 43,021
N (unique persons) 673 1009 15,418 605 936 16,744
  1. Data are from the SLID and include panels 2-7 for the years 2001-2011. The estimation sample is restricted to full-time full-year paid workers aged 18-64, with positive wages and who have at least one post-secondary education credential. The sample contains Canadian-born and immigrant workers who arrived in Canada at 10 years or older. Traditional immigrants include those born in the following countries/regions: United Kingdom, United States, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. Non-traditional immigrants include those born in the following countries/regions: Middle-East, Caribbean, Mexico and Central America, Southern America, Asia, Southeast Asia and Africa. Wages are adjusted for inflation using the provincial all-items CPI for base year 2002