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Table 12 Entry earnings and assimilation by job match—general vs. specialized and college vs. university (non-traditionals)

From: Does it matter if immigrants work in jobs related to their education?

  General Specialized College University
Match category upon arrival Entry effect Years to assimilation Entry effect Years to assimilation Entry effect Years to assimilation Entry effect Years to assimilation
  (1) (2) (1) (2) (1) (2) (1) (2)
Males:  
(1) Not related to education −0.323*** ua −0.384*** ua −0.307*** ua −0.487*** ua
  (0.069)   (0.036)   (0.055)   (0.032)  
(2) Somewhat related −0.160* 24 −0.233*** 23 −0.216*** ua −0.290*** 18
  (0.094)   (0.047)   (0.069)   (0.048)  
(3) Closely related −0.023 n/a −0.089* 6 −0.150** 16 −0.122** 6
  (0.103)   (0.050)   (0.069)   (0.052)  
Females:  
(1) Not related to education −0.383*** ua −0.346*** 28 −0.376*** 33 −0.415*** ua
  (0.035)   (0.046)   (0.037)   (0.037)  
(2) Somewhat related −0.187*** 26 −0.227*** 18 −0.249*** 24 −0.235*** 18
  (0.050)   (0.056)   (0.052)   (0.051)  
(3) Closely related −0.139*** 20 −0.046 n/a −0.172*** 17 −0.132** 9
  (0.053)   (0.065)   (0.054)   (0.053)  
  1. Note: significance level: *** p<0.01; ** p<0.05; * p<0.1. n/a = not applicable. ua = unattainable. Entry effects are predicted using the estimates reported in Table 4 and are transformed using (eb-1) as suggested by Halvorsen and Palmquist (1980). Standard errors are calculated using the delta method