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Table 13 The effect of job match on the returns to foreign human capital (males)

From: Does it matter if immigrants work in jobs related to their education?

Covariates Traditional immigrants Non-traditional immigrants
  Potential experience Actual experience Potential experience Actual experience
  (1) (2) (3) (4) (1) (2) (3) (4)
(1) Immigrant 0.273** 0.414*** 0.239** 0.335*** 0.076 0.232** −0.032 0.166*
  (0.117) (0.114) (0.116) (0.111) (0.107) (0.098) (0.097) (0.090)
(2) Canadian experience 0.009*** 0.009*** 0.009*** 0.009*** 0.009*** 0.009*** 0.009*** 0.009***
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
(3) Canadian experience × immigrant 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.000 −0.001 0.003 0.001
  (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.001) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
(4) Canadian years of schooling 0.058*** 0.058*** 0.054*** 0.054*** 0.058*** 0.058*** 0.054*** 0.054***
  (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
(5) Canadian years of schooling × immigrant −0.020** −0.027*** −0.019*** −0.028*** −0.011 −0.019*** 0.007 −0.007
  (0.008) (0.008) (0.007) (0.007) (0.007) (0.007) (0.006) (0.006)
(6) Foreign experience 0.001 0.004 0.001 0.007 −0.006** −0.006** −0.001 −0.007**
  (0.003) (0.005) (0.003) (0.006) (0.003) (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
(7) Foreign years of schooling 0.042*** 0.016** 0.042*** 0.018** 0.048*** 0.020*** 0.048*** 0.019***
  (0.006) (0.008) (0.007) (0.008) (0.005) (0.005) (0.006) (0.006)
(8) Foreign experience × somewhat related   −0.007   −0.009   −0.002   0.003
   (0.006)   (0.006)   (0.004)   (0.006)
(9) Foreign experience × close related   0.000   −0.005   0.004   0.011**
   (0.006)   (0.007)   (0.003)   (0.005)
(10) Foreign years of schooling × somewhat related   0.016***   0.017***   0.017***   0.017***
   (0.005)   (0.005)   (0.004)   (0.004)
(11) Foreign years of schooling × close related   0.022***   0.023***   0.025***   0.025***
   (0.004)   (0.004)   (0.003)   (0.003)
N(person-years)  
Canadian-born 40,815 40,815 40,815 40,815 40,815 40,815 40,815 40,815
Immigrant 1691 1691 1691 1691 2502 2502 2502 2502
R 2 0.255 0.258 0.264 0.266 0.251 0.259 0.259 0.268
  1. Note: significance level: *** p<0.01; ** p<0.05; * p<0.1. Pooled OLS estimates. The estimation sample spans panels 2-7 (2001-2011)and is restricted to full-time full-year paid workers aged 18-64, with positive wages and who have at least one post-secondary education credential. The immigrant sample is restricted to workers whose age at arrival was 10 years or older. The dependent variable is the natural logarithm of hourly wages. Wages are adjusted for inflation using the provincial all-items CPI for base year 2002. All regressions include a constant and controls for survey year, panel, marital status, no English or French mother tongue, region (British Columbia, Prairies, Ontario, Québec, Maritimes), Major Cities(Toronto, Montréal, Vancouver) and field of study. Non-traditional immigrants include those born in the following countries/regions: Middle-East, Caribbean, Mexico and Central America, Southern America, Asia, Southeast Asia and Africa. Traditional immigrants include those born in the following countries/regions: United Kingdom, United States, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. Standard errors, adjusted for clustering at the individual level, are in parentheses and have been multiplied by 100