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Table 15 The effect of job match on the returns to foreign human capital (non-traditional males and females)

From: Does it matter if immigrants work in jobs related to their education?

Covariates Males Females
  General Specialized College University General Specialized College University
  (1) (2) (3) (4) (1) (2) (3) (4)
(1) Immigrant 0.396* 0.131 0.200** −0.174 0.432*** 0.443*** 0.246** 0.057
  (0.219) (0.093) (0.101) (0.161) (0.123) (0.130) (0.116) (0.164)
(2) Canadian experience 0.011*** 0.008*** 0.009*** 0.013*** 0.012*** 0.009*** 0.011*** 0.014***
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
(3) Canadian experience × immigrant 0.001 0.001 −0.001 0.005* −0.001 0.004** 0.004** 0.000
  (0.004) (0.002) (0.002) (0.003) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.003)
(4) Canadian years of schooling 0.053*** 0.054*** 0.037*** 0.022*** 0.065*** 0.070*** 0.047*** 0.026***
  (0.004) (0.002) (0.002) (0.003) (0.003) (0.002) (0.003) (0.003)
(5) Canadian years of schooling × immigrant −0.019 −0.004 −0.015 0.020** 0.002 −0.001 0.004 0.024**
  (0.014) (0.006) (0.010) (0.008) (0.010) (0.010) (0.012) (0.011)
(6) Foreign experience −0.003 −0.011** −0.006 −0.013** 0.004 0.001 −0.007 0.002
  (0.004) (0.005) (0.004) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006)
(7) Foreign years of schooling 0.005 0.022*** 0.006 0.000 0.007 0.008 0.004 −0.011
  (0.013) (0.007) (0.007) (0.009) (0.007) (0.009) (0.008) (0.010)
(8) Foreign experience × somewhat related 0.009 0.002 −0.005 0.012 0.001 −0.005 −0.004 0.006
  (0.010) (0.008) (0.007) (0.010) (0.007) (0.010) (0.011) (0.008)
(9) Foreign experience × close related 0.002 0.015** 0.007 0.017** 0.007 −0.002 0.001 0.003  
  (0.008) (0.006) (0.006) (0.007) (0.009) (0.008) (0.008) (0.008)
(10) Foreign years of schooling × somewhat related 0.016** 0.016*** 0.016*** 0.015** 0.013*** 0.014*** 0.014*** 0.011***
  (0.007) (0.005) (0.005) (0.006) (0.004) (0.005) (0.004) (0.004)
(11) Foreign years of schooling × close related 0.030*** 0.022*** 0.015*** 0.027*** 0.019*** 0.028*** 0.020*** 0.023***
  (0.005) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.005) (0.004) (0.004)
N(person-years)  
Canadian-born 10,969 29,097 27,800 13,015 18,175 23,381 27,613 15,408
Immigrant 748 1719 1000 1502 1009 1136 1093 1085
R 2 0.250 0.272 0.205 0.260 0.286 0.299 0.259 0.259
  1. Note: significance level: *** p<0.01; ** p<0.05; * p<0.1. Pooled OLS estimates. The estimation sample spans panels 2-7 (2001-2011)and is restricted to full-time full-year paid workers aged 18-64, with positive wages and who have at least one post-secondary education credential. The immigrant sample is restricted to workers whose age at arrival was 10 years or older. The dependent variable is the natural logarithm of hourly wages. Wages are adjusted for inflation using the provincial all-items CPI for base year 2002. All regressions include a constant and controls for survey year, panel, marital status, no English or French mother tongue, region (British Columbia, Prairies, Ontario, Québec, Maritimes), Major Cities(Toronto, Montréal, Vancouver) and field of study. Non-traditional immigrants include those born in the following countries/regions: Middle-East, Caribbean, Mexico and Central America, Southern America, Asia, Southeast Asia and Africa. Traditional immigrants include those born in the following countries/regions: United Kingdom, United States, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. Standard errors, adjusted for clustering at the individual level, are in parentheses and have been multiplied by 100