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Table 19 Means of key variables (Continued)

From: Does it matter if immigrants work in jobs related to their education?

  Males Females
  Immigrants Canadian-born Immigrants Canadian-born
  (1) (2) (3) (1) (2) (3)
  Traditional Non-traditional All Traditional Non-traditional All
Demographic and human capital  
Age 48.8 45.1 41.9 47.2 44.2 41.4
Married (%) 80.9 85.3 63.2 71.2 73.0 56.4
Years of schooling 15.9 16.3 15.3 15.8 15.5 15.2
Canadian years (if > 0) 3.9 4.4 15.3 3.7 3.4 15.2
Foreign years 14.3 14.5 14.0 14.0
Work experience 25.4 17.2 20.2 19.4 15.6 17.3
Canadian years 17.7 10.2 20.3 13.2 9.7 17.0
Foreign years (if > 0) 8.0 6.8 5.9 5.4
Supervisor responsibility 50.9 39.8 45.4 35.0 26.6 33.1
Years since migration 22.0 16.2 21.4 16.4
Geographic location  
Toronto (%) 15.8 29.6 3.5 17.0 30.3 3.4
Montreal (%) 6.0 6.7 4.4 4.2 7.3 4.2
Vancouver (%) 7.0 10.2 2.5 6.9 11.2 2.3
Ontario (%) 48.3 48.3 27.9 48.6 49.1 26.6
Quebec (%) 9.4 9.1 21.8 7.1 8.8 20.5
Atlantic (%) 6.5 2.8 20.4 5.6 1.9 23.0
Prairies (%) 21.6 26.5 22.8 23.7 26.8 23.3
BC (%) 14.2 13.3 7.0 15.1 13.5 6.7
Mother tongue  
English (excl. Quebec %) 45.0 16.0 89.0 46.0 17.7 88.3
English (Quebec %) 9.4 2.6 4.3 10.6 18.8 3.5
French (excl. Quebec %) 2.3 0.8 6.8 1.7 0.9 7.3
French (Quebec %) 47.2 12.3 93.2 50.0 18.8 94.4
No English or French 52.7 83.2 4.2 52.3 81.4 4.3
(excl. Quebec %)  
No English (Quebec %) 43.4 85.0 2.5 39.4 62.3 2.0
Field of study  
Education, arts, humanities, and 12.4 7.1 10.7 18.9 16.5 18.1
communications technologies (%)  
Social and behavioral sciences and law (%) 6.3 6.2 8.1 14.7 10.8 13.0
Business, management, and public 10.2 19.7 15.8 23.9 30.4 30.7
administration (%)  
Physical and life sciences and 7.3 6.8 3.8 5.5 5.8 2.0
technologies (%)  
Mathematics, computer, and 7.0 8.8 5.6 5.6 6.3 3.9
information sciences (%)  
Architecture, engineering, and 43.0 41.4 40.4 6.0 5.5 3.1
related technologies (%)  
Agriculture, natural resources, 9.8 5.0 11.3 6.1 2.7 6.1
conservation, personal, protective, and transportation services (%)  
Health, parks, recreation, and fitness (%) 4.1 4.9 4.3 19.1 22.0 23.1
N (person-years) 1691 2502 40,815 1474 2178 43,021
N (unique persons) 673 1009 15,418 605 936 16,744
  1. Data are from the SLID and include panels 2-7 for the years 2001-2011. The estimation sample is restricted to full-time full-year paid workers aged 18-64, with positive wages and who have at least one post-secondary education credential. The sample contains Canadian-born and immigrant workers who arrived in Canada at 10 years or older. Traditional immigrants include those born in the following countries/regions: United Kingdom, United States, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. Non-traditional immigrants include those born in the following countries/regions: Middle-East, Caribbean, Mexico and Central America, Southern America, Asia, Southeast Asia and Africa. Wages are adjusted for inflation using the provincial all-items CPI for base year 2002. Field of study categories are aggregated according to the first two digits of the Classification of Instructional Programs code (CIP Canada 2000)