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Table 2 SDI decomposition of relative wage changes between rural and urban India

From: Changing wage structure in India in the post-reform era: 1993–2011

  Relative wage Relative supply Relative demand Institutions
1993–1994 to 2004–2005 2004–2005 to 2011–2012 1993–1994 to 2011–2012 1993–1994 to 2004–2005 2004–2005 to 2011–2012 1993–1994 to 2011–2012 1993–1994 to 2004–2005 2004–2005 to 2011–2012 1993–1994 to 2011–2012 1993–1994 to 2004–2005 2004–2005 to 2011–2012 1993–1994 to 2011–2012
Urban/rural educ. Male − 0.17 0.01 − 0.16 − 0.38 − 0.20 − 0.57 − 0.22 − 0.11 − 0.30 − 0.21 − 0.12 − 0.26
Female − 0.07 − 0.02 − 0.09 − 0.73 − 0.25 − 0.99 − 0.03 − 0.02 − 0.05 − 0.08 − 0.12 − 0.18
Urban/rural uneduc. Male − 0.37 − 0.10 − 0.47 0.05 − 0.10 − 0.05 − 0.45 − 0.37 − 0.77 − 0.07 − 0.10 − 0.13
Female − 0.21 − 0.16 − 0.37 0.12 0.01 0.13 − 0.17 − 0.04 − 0.28 0.08 − 0.15 − 0.08
Urban/rural old Male − 0.29 − 0.09 − 0.38 0.06 0.01 0.07 − 0.52 − 0.37 − 0.89 − 0.19 − 0.10 − 0.22
Female − 0.16 − 0.12 − 0.29 0.05 0.14 0.19 − 0.19 − 0.04 − 0.32 0.00 − 0.17 − 0.16
Urban/rural young Male − 0.28 0.00 − 0.28 0.10 0.07 0.16 − 0.27 − 0.22 − 0.46 − 0.06 − 0.09 − 0.11
Female − 0.12 0.00 − 0.12 0.29 0.40 0.69 − 0.13 − 0.03 − 0.23 0.06 − 0.12 − 0.06
Urban/rural Male − 0.35 − 0.08 − 0.44 0.09 0.00 0.09 − 0.43 − 0.32 − 0.73 − 0.15 − 0.10 − 0.19
Female − 0.25 − 0.09 − 0.34 0.20 0.19 0.39 − 0.17 − 0.04 − 0.28 0.01 − 0.16 − 0.13
Urban/rural All − 0.27 − 0.09 − 0.36 0.28 0.20 0.48 − 0.35 − 0.24 − 0.60 − 0.08 − 0.12 − 0.17