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Table 11 Statistical description of variables

From: Land tenure policy and off-farm employment in rural China

  Female Male
Variable Mean Std. Dev. Mean Std. Dev.
Off-farm employment participation rate 0.190 0.392 0.355 0.479
Wage employment participation rate 0.168 0.373 0.308 0.462
Self-employment participation rate 0.022 0.148 0.047 0.212
The proportion of engaged in farming 0.698 0.459 0.547 0.498
Employment participation rate 0.883 0.321 0.891 0.312
Land security × year08 0.239 0.426 0.253 0.435
Land security × year95 0.124 0.33 0.116 0.32
Land security 0.561 0.496 0.574 0.494
Year08 0.256 0.437 0.272 0.445
Year95 0.381 0.486 0.358 0.48
Age 36.773 13.096 37.666 13.689
Age squared 1523.733 1000.176 1606.098 1068.355
Education 6.160 3.070 7.478 2.604
Married 0.887 0.365 0.855 0.398
Ln land 1.720 0.857 1.712 0.861
Ln asset 8.210 1.287 8.21 1.286
Number of girls aged 6 or younger 0.117 0.345 0.113 0.339
Number of boys aged 6 or younger 0.142 0.370 0.134 0.362
Number of boys aged 7–14 0.276 0.519 0.238 0.496
Number of girls aged 7–14 0.225 0.491 0.209 0.473
Number of women aged 15–25 0.734 0.839 0.495 0.699
Number of men aged 15–25 0.531 0.678 0.714 0.783
Number of women aged 26–39 0.411 0.521 0.377 0.508
Number of men aged 26–39 0.417 0.547 0.451 0.579
Number of women aged 40–50 0.462 0.500 0.446 0.498
Number of men aged 40–50 0.422 0.496 0.416 0.497
Number of women aged 51–69 0.339 0.475 0.343 0.476
Number of men aged 51–69 0.398 0.494 0.435 0.503
Number of women aged 70 over 0.072 0.261 0.074 0.265
Number of men aged 70 over 0.048 0.213 0.048 0.213
Ln per capita income 8.164 0.602 8.164 0.599
Log consumption level 8.157 0.238 8.165 0.243
No. of obs. 28,813 31,580
  1. Source: The following data sources, if not specifically stated, are from CHIP