Skip to main content

Table 2 Summary statistics. Women

From: Land tenure policy and off-farm employment in rural China

  Control Treatment Difference-in-differences
  Pre-reform Post-reform Pre-reform Post-reform
  Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Land security × policy
Observations 12,130 512 9294 6877 28,813
Age 35.47 13.02 41.20 12.39 35.79 12.99 40.07 12.78 − 0.560
Education level 5.70 3.28 7.24 2.43 5.97 3.20 7.15 2.16 0.270*
Legal status 0.93 0.33 0.88 0.36 0.86 0.38 0.85 0.39 − 0.010
Log land 1.95 0.76 1.09 1.35 1.79 0.75 1.28 0.93 0.460****
Log asset 7.48 1.28 8.08 1.39 7.56 1.27 8.14 1.38 0.260***
Log per capita income 8.02 0.54 8.76 0.42 8.01 0.59 8.58 0.51 − 0.060**
Log consumption_level 8.03 0.04 8.56 0.04 8.00 0.03 8.56 0.04 − 0.003*
Girls aged 6 or younger 12.08 35.28 9.38 29.84 11.64 34.15 11.33 34.04 0.020
Boys aged 6 or younger 14.86 38.17 8.40 27.76 13.96 36.17 13.92 36.65 0.060***
Boys aged 7–14 32.62 56.56 15.04 37.39 28.64 51.97 18.12 41.99 0.030
Girls aged 7–14 27.30 53.97 11.52 33.75 22.75 49.02 14.53 39.04 0.030
Women aged 15–25 79.47 86.63 52.73 72.91 76.99 84.98 59.27 76.25 0.070*
Men aged 15–25 56.45 68.78 44.34 61.67 55.23 70.22 44.93 62.43 0.010
Women aged 26–39 39.23 50.10 38.28 50.63 41.33 51.22 44.31 56.55 0.060**
Men aged 26–39 39.15 52.08 42.58 55.11 41.32 53.60 46.59 59.90 0.040
Women aged 40–50 47.11 50.08 44.92 50.96 46.73 49.96 43.86 49.62 − 0.010
Men aged 40–50 43.68 49.80 39.06 48.84 43.53 49.76 38.05 48.76 − 0.010
Women aged 51–69 28.43 45.54 44.73 49.77 30.33 46.04 47.48 49.94 0.030
Men aged 51–69 33.85 47.93 51.37 50.81 36.27 48.33 54.15 50.32 0.030
Women aged 70 over 6.61 25.05 4.30 20.30 7.38 26.19 8.04 27.99 0.040***
Men aged 70 over 4.56 20.86 3.32 17.93 5.09 21.98 4.77 21.38 0.010
  1. Source: The following data sources, if not specifically stated, are from CHIP
  2. Notes: (.): Standard error; significant at the 1% (***), 5% (**) and 10% (*) level respectively