Skip to main content

Table 3 Summary statistics. Men

From: Land tenure policy and off-farm employment in rural China

  Control Treatment Difference-in-differences
  Pre-reform Post-reform Pre-reform Post-reform
  Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Land security × policy
Observations 12,854 586 10,146 7994 31,580
Age 36.16 13.53 41.51 13.30 36.52 13.62 41.26 13.36 0.090
Education level 7.19 2.75 7.87 2.38 7.47 2.64 7.91 2.25 0.080
Marry status 0.90 0.35 0.80 0.43 0.83 0.41 0.81 0.43 0.020
Log land 1.94 0.76 1.09 1.28 1.80 0.75 1.29 0.93 0.440***
Log asset 7.49 1.28 8.01 1.42 7.57 1.26 8.14 1.36 0.320***
Log per capita income 8.02 0.53 8.77 0.40 8.00 0.59 8.56 0.51 − 0.100***
Log consumption_level 8.03 0.04 8.56 0.04 8.00 0.03 8.56 0.04 − 0.003
Girls aged 6 or younger 11.37 34.49 9.56 30.56 11.20 33.50 11.30 33.87 0.020
Boys aged 6 or younger 13.72 37.06 8.36 27.71 13.14 35.41 13.57 36.51 0.050***
Boys aged 7–14 28.10 54.04 13.48 35.65 25.17 49.95 16.07 40.71 0.030
Girls aged 7–14 25.36 52.04 12.12 34.69 21.46 47.20 13.51 38.29 0.010
Women aged 15–25 53.86 72.79 37.37 60.93 51.36 70.45 41.21 64.05 0.040
Men aged 15–25 77.37 78.78 55.63 69.75 77.20 81.51 55.50 71.10 0.000
Women aged 26–39 36.44 49.17 34.81 49.09 38.25 50.22 39.29 54.02 0.040**
Men aged 26–39 41.29 54.52 50.34 60.27 43.05 55.82 53.47 64.36 0.030
Women aged 40–50 45.94 49.95 43.34 51.62 45.96 49.84 41.01 49.19 0.020
Men aged 40–50 43.39 50.02 36.18 48.80 44.38 49.98 35.55 48.16 0.010
Women aged 51–69 27.95 45.19 46.08 49.89 30.02 45.90 49.20 50.00 0.030
Men aged 51–69 37.19 49.16 55.29 50.78 38.40 49.04 59.21 50.13 0.040*
Women aged 70 over 6.84 25.36 5.97 25.79 7.46 26.31 8.36 28.48 0.020**
Men aged 70 over 4.54 20.81 3.58 18.60 4.97 21.73 4.97 21.78 0.010
  1. Source: The following data sources, if not specifically stated, are from CHIP
  2. Notes: (.): Standard error; significant at the 1% (***), 5% (**) and 10% (*) level respectively