Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive statistics by household remittance reception status

From: Mixed effects of remittances on child education

  Full sample   Recipients   Non-recipients
  Mean SD   Mean SD   Mean SD
Child attends school (1 = yes, 0 = no) 0.830 0.376   0.887 0.317   0.823 0.380
Household receives remittances (1 = yes, 0 = no) 0.075 0.264   1.00 0.00   0.00 0.00
Migrant household (1 = yes, 0 = no) 0.047 0.212   0.325 0.468   0.025 0.155
Relatives living abroad (excl. zeros) 1.445 0.935   1.484 0.912   1.405 0.912
Migrated to the USA or Canada (1 = yes, 0 = other) 0.340 0.474   0.403 0.490   0.273 0.445
Migrated to Europe (1 = yes, 0 = other) 0.520 0.450   0.540 0.498   0.498 0.500
Age of child in years (min = 12, max = 17) 14.49 1.700   14.53 1.701   14.49 1.700
Sex of child (1 = female, 0 = male) 0.493 0.500   0.497 0.500   0.492 0.500
Children younger than 5 in household (incl. zeros) 0.457 0.738   0.365 0.654   0.465 0.744
Continuous wealth index (0 = poorest, 1 = wealthiest) 0.670 0.148   0.754 0.124   0.663 0.148
Parents’ highest level of education (1 = none, 10 = PhD) 6.05 2.188   6.60 2.208   6.00 2.181
Child lives in a rural area (1 = yes) 0.399 0.490   0.297 0.457   0.407 0.491
Child is Afro-descendant (1 = yes) 0.075 0.263   0.056 0.231   0.076 0.265
Child is Montubio (1 = yes) 0.065 0.247   0.024 0.152   0.069 0.253
Child is Indigenous (1 = yes) 0.081 0.273   0.052 0.222   0.083 0.277
Child is Mestizo (1 = yes) 0.723 0.447   0.800 0.400   0.717 0.450
Child is White (1 = yes) 0.053 0.223   0.065 0.246   0.052 0.221
Child has a disability (1 = yes) 0.036 0.185   0.032 0.175   0.036 0.186
Observations 1,737,152   130,406   1,606,746
  1. Notes: Montubio is an ethnic identity of the Ecuadorian lowlands