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Table 12 Overall income decompositions, sensitivity analysis: threefold

From: Just like a woman? New comparative evidence on the gender income gap across Eastern Europe and Central Asia

  Kazakhstan Macedonia Moldova Serbia Tajikistan Ukraine
(i) Decomposition from females’ viewpoint, i.e., using male endowments and returns
 Endowments − 0.062** − 0.03 0.038 − 0.070*** 0.008 − 0.006
[0.026] [0.023] [0.026] [0.023] [0.021] [0.018]
 Coefficients 0.293*** 0.208*** 0.201*** 0.191*** 0.141*** 0.310***
[0.041] [0.033] [0.053] [0.031] [0.045] [0.032]
 Interaction − 0.025 − 0.003 0.016 0.023 0.024 0.001
[0.023] [0.018] [0.028] [0.015] [0.026] [0.018]
(ii) Decomposition from males’ viewpoint, i.e., using female endowments and returns
 Endowments − 0.087*** − 0.032* 0.054* − 0.047** 0.032 − 0.005
[0.028] [0.019] [0.032] [0.020] [0.020] [0.013]
 Coefficients 0.268*** 0.206*** 0.217*** 0.214*** 0.164*** 0.311***
[0.043] [0.034] [0.052] [0.032] [0.049] [0.032]
 Interaction 0.025 0.003 − 0.016 − 0.023 − 0.024 − 0.001
[0.023] [0.018] [0.028] [0.015] [0.026] [0.018]
N 1109 928 860 989 614 1033
  1. Notes: Values in brackets are within-community correlation/clustering adjusted standard errors (Wooldridge 2010) (and therefore also (implicitly) robust (Huber 1967; White 1980)). Source: UNDP/UNICEF Social Exclusion Dataset 2010 (collected November–December 2009)
  2. *: statistically significant at 10 percent; **: statistically significant at 5 percent; ***: statistically significant at 1 percent