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Table 4 Raw gender income gap in six Eastern European and Central Asian countries

From: Just like a woman? New comparative evidence on the gender income gap across Eastern Europe and Central Asia

  Kazakhstan Macedonia Moldova Serbia Tajikistan Ukraine
Males 10.494*** 9.626*** 7.445*** 10.273*** 6.030*** 7.407***
[0.034] [0.024] [0.048] [0.027] [0.036] [0.023]
Females 10.288*** 9.450*** 7.190*** 10.129*** 5.858*** 7.102***
[0.036] [0.031] [0.031] [0.032] [0.030] [0.026]
Difference 0.206*** 0.176*** 0.255*** 0.144*** 0.173*** 0.305***
[0.044] [0.037] [0.053] [0.035] [0.046] [0.032]
N 1109 928 860 989 614 1033
  1. Notes: Values in brackets are within-community correlation/clustering adjusted standard errors (Wooldridge 2010) (and therefore also (implicitly) robust (Huber 1967; White 1980)). Source: UNDP/UNICEF Social Exclusion Dataset 2010 (collected November–December 2009)
  2. *Statistically significant at 10%; **statistically significant at 5%; ***statistically significant at 1%