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Table 6 Overall income decompositions: three- and twofold

From: Just like a woman? New comparative evidence on the gender income gap across Eastern Europe and Central Asia

  Kazakhstan Macedonia Moldova Serbia Tajikistan Ukraine
Threefold
 Endowments − 0.062** − 0.03 0.038 − 0.070*** 0.008 − 0.006
[0.026] [0.023] [0.026] [0.023] [0.021] [0.018]
 Coefficients 0.293*** 0.208*** 0.201*** 0.191*** 0.141*** 0.310***
[0.041] [0.033] [0.053] [0.031] [0.045] [0.032]
 Interaction − 0.025 − 0.003 0.016 0.023 0.024 0.001
[0.023] [0.018] [0.028] [0.015] [0.026] [0.018]
Twofold
 Explained − 0.087*** − 0.032* 0.054* − 0.047** 0.032 − 0.005
[0.028] [0.019] [0.032] [0.020] [0.020] [0.013]
 Unexplained 0.293*** 0.208*** 0.201*** 0.191*** 0.141*** 0.310***
[0.041] [0.033] [0.053] [0.031] [0.045] [0.032]
N 1109 928 860 989 614 1033
  1. Notes: Decompositions are from females’ viewpoint, i.e., using male endowments and returns (sensitivity analysis using reverse decompositions for the threefold decomposition and several alternative weights given to males relative to females/regression model used in determining the reference coefficients for the twofold decompositions are reported in Appendices 4 and 5, respectively). Values in brackets are within-community correlation/clustering adjusted standard errors (Wooldridge 2010) (and therefore also (implicitly) robust (Huber 1967; White 1980)). Source: UNDP/UNICEF Social Exclusion Dataset 2010 (collected November-December 2009)
  2. *: statistically significant at 10 percent; **: statistically significant at 5 percent; ***: statistically significant at 1 percent