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Table 8 Mincer income regressions across gender (OLS)

From: Just like a woman? New comparative evidence on the gender income gap across Eastern Europe and Central Asia

  Kazakhstan Macedonia Moldova Serbia Tajikistan Ukraine
  Males Females Males Females Males Females Males Females Males Females Males Females
Age 0.048*** 0.025 0.037* 0.027 0.012 0.003 0.02 0.018 0.028** 0.016 0.011 0.01
[0.013] [0.017] [0.019] [0.018] [0.017] [0.014] [0.013] [0.018] [0.013] [0.014] [0.011] [0.012]
Age2/100 − 0.055*** − 0.029 − 0.041* − 0.022 − 0.02 − 0.009 − 0.022 − 0.016 − 0.035** − 0.021 − 0.016 − 0.006
[0.016] [0.021] [0.023] [0.022] [0.019] [0.017] [0.016] [0.022] [0.015] [0.016] [0.014] [0.014]
Years of schooling 0.055*** 0.065*** 0.056*** 0.077*** 0.084*** 0.068*** 0.055*** 0.080*** 0.027* 0.005 0.019** 0.070***
[0.011] [0.014] [0.008] [0.010] [0.015] [0.011] [0.010] [0.009] [0.014] [0.012] [0.008] [0.009]
Public − 0.081 − 0.134* 0.096** 0.109** − 0.363*** − 0.207*** 0.036 0.02 − 0.115 − 0.179* − 0.048 − 0.259***
[0.061] [0.076] [0.043] [0.054] [0.090] [0.066] [0.052] [0.051] [0.074] [0.100] [0.047] [0.046]
Mixed 0.061 − 0.109 0.031 0.115 − 0.523** 0.097 − 0.079 − 0.062 − 0.12 − 0.129 0.002 0.009
[0.107] [0.137] [0.172] [0.209] [0.239] [0.301] [0.100] [0.084] [0.105] [0.101] [0.063] [0.121]
Coop, NGO, etc. − 0.027 − 0.102 − 0.748** 0.024 NA NA − 0.061 0.047 0.122 − 0.349*** − 0.281 − 0.44
[0.177] [0.133] [0.311] [0.155]    [0.221] [0.263] [0.182] [0.119] [0.205] [0.268]
Sector not specified − 0.027 − 0.052 − 0.567*** − 0.875*** − 0.323 − 0.685*** 0.292 0.123 0.098 − 0.243*** 0.219 − 0.443
[0.154] [0.230] [0.196] [0.310] [0.198] [0.180] [0.223] [0.117] [0.187] [0.083] [0.144] [0.283]
No written contract − 0.190*** − 0.048 − 0.031 0.051 − 0.112 − 0.139 − 0.446*** − 0.054 0.011 − 0.065 − 0.042 − 0.133
[0.072] [0.094] [0.093] [0.110] [0.159] [0.150] [0.118] [0.173] [0.075] [0.070] [0.063] [0.083]
Contract: do not know/refuse 0.09 − 0.042 − 0.032 0.015 − 0.322** 0.222* − 0.249 − 0.082 − 0.079 0.16 − 0.052 0.118
[0.197] [0.201] [0.149] [0.196] [0.142] [0.114] [0.161] [0.106] [0.130] [0.223] [0.088] [0.076]
No soc security on job − 0.228*** − 0.016 − 0.215** − 0.142 − 0.102 − 0.006 − 0.099 − 0.395** − 0.144 − 0.073 − 0.084* − 0.053
[0.059] [0.082] [0.084] [0.136] [0.108] [0.084] [0.093] [0.158] [0.092] [0.094] [0.049] [0.047]
Soc Sec: do not know/refuse − 0.102 0.067 − 0.198 − 0.042 0.309 − 0.195 − 0.266 0.016 0.08 0.112 − 0.249*** 0.053
[0.152] [0.179] [0.137] [0.253] [0.385] [0.153] [0.274] [0.121] [0.211] [0.213] [0.082] [0.070]
Urban 0.432*** 0.399*** 0.029 0.100* 0.217** 0.254*** 0.327*** 0.354*** 0.187* 0.141 0.288*** 0.189***
[0.058] [0.072] [0.043] [0.058] [0.091] [0.059] [0.054] [0.063] [0.103] [0.103] [0.044] [0.047]
Constant 8.941*** 8.843*** 8.120*** 7.626*** 6.404*** 6.401*** 9.093*** 8.563*** 5.304*** 5.703*** 6.974*** 5.969***
[0.275] [0.396] [0.399] [0.406] [0.414] [0.341] [0.295] [0.325] [0.314] [0.296] [0.247] [0.258]
R 2 0.223 0.182 0.237 0.237 0.203 0.188 0.228 0.334 0.069 0.067 0.113 0.215
N 654 455 490 438 352 508 537 452 369 245 537 496
  1. Notes: Values in brackets are within-community correlation/clustering adjusted standard errors (Wooldridge 2010) (and therefore also (implicitly) robust (Huber 1967; White 1980)). Reference categories are as follows: private (sector); written contract (contract); rural (rural-urban location). Source: UNDP/UNICEF Social Exclusion Dataset 2010 (collected November–December 2009)
  2. *Statistically significant at 10%; **statistically significant at 5%; ***statistically significant at 1%